January 2013
Revista de Administração Mackenzie;jan/fev2013, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p202
Academic Journal
This article uses a theoretical framework that highlights social factors, specifically the division of labor, which act directly on the effectiveness of organizations through cohesion and solidarity. However, this reading of the economic reality has not been utilized to its fullest for understanding the social embeddedness of interorganizational networks on spacial distribution, i. e., local productive arrangements. It can be noticed that a key competitive feature, referred to as present within the corporate discourse and even economic development policies is the need from companies to act jointly, associated in certain territories, whether industrial districts, regions, counties or cities. Therefore, the crowding is a real possibility for business development from organizational structures based on partnership, complementarity, sharing, exchange and mutual assistance, which have in the networks, which also compose the social structure of markets and reinforce the discussion of sociology that competition also leads to solidarity. The individual economic actions are not free from structural pressures and capable of being interpreted in the purely mechanical and additive aggregation. Structural pressures that weigh on economic action cannot be reduced to the requirements specified at a given moment in time, in cash or in the immediate economic instability of the interactions. The economic interests of the market are for the new economic sociology immersed in personal networks and social groups. The market, therefore, is not composed by isolated organizations, such as models of perfect competition in economics, but organizational clusters, that form a social structure.


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