Rebe, K.; de Swardt, G.; Struthers, H.; McIntyre, J. A.
September 2011
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine;Sep2011, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p26
Academic Journal
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of HIV acquisition and transmission, and country-specific HIV prevalence rates are always higher in MSM than among heterosexual men. South African data confirm this, with reported HIV prevalences of 10.4 - 33.9% across various studies. Donors and government health planners have recognised the need for targeted programmes that address the high burden of HIV transmission and disease in stigmatised populations such as MSM, as well as other 'most at risk populations' (MARPS) such as commercial sex workers, drug users and displaced refugees. Specific programmes targeting MSM and other MARPS have been included in the South African government's current National Strategic Plan for health care and will feature in the new plan under development.


Related Articles

  • Mother-to-child transmission of HIV: the pre-rapid advice experience of the university of Nigeria teaching hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, South-east Nigeria. Ibeziako, Ngozi S; Ubesie, Agozie; Emodi, Ifeoma J; Ayuk, Adaeze C; Iloh, Kene K; Ikefuna, Anthony N // BMC Research Notes;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p305 

    Background: Mother-to-child transmission of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) is the most common route of HIV transmission in the pediatric age group. A number of risk factors contribute to the rate of this transmission. Such risk factors include advance maternal HIV disease, lack of...

  • A Population-Structured HIV Epidemic in Israel: Roles of Risk and Ethnicity. Grossman, Zehava; Avidor, Boaz; Mor, Zohar; Chowers, Michal; Levy, Itzchak; Shahar, Eduardo; Riesenberg, Klaris; Sthoeger, Zev; Maayan, Shlomo; Shao, Wei; Lorber, Margalit; Olstein-Pops, Karen; Elbirt, Daniel; Elinav, Hila; Asher, Ilan; Averbuch, Diana; Istomin, Valery; Gottesman, Bat Sheva; Kedem, Eynat; Girshengorn, Shirley // PLoS ONE;8/24/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: HIV in Israel started with a subtype-B epidemic among men who have sex with men, followed in the 1980s and 1990s by introductions of subtype C from Ethiopia (predominantly acquired by heterosexual transmission) and subtype A from the former Soviet Union (FSU, most often acquired by...

  • Estimated population mixing by country and risk cohort for the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Western Europe. Thomas, Richard // Journal of Geographical Systems;Nov2001, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p283 

    This paper applies a compartmental epidemic model to estimating the mixing relations that support the transfer of HIV infection between risk populations within the countries of Western Europe. To this end, a space-time epidemic model with compartments representing countries with populations...

  • Avoiding risky sex partners: perception of partners' risks v partners' self reported risks. Stoner, B.P.; Whittington, W.L.H.; Aral, S.O.; Hughes, J.P.; Handsfield, H.H.; Holmes, K.K. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Jun2003, Vol. 79 Issue 3, p197 

    Background: Key strategies advocated for lowering personal risk of sexual exposure to STD/HIV include having fewer partners and avoiding risky partners. However, few studies have systematically examined how well people can actually discern their sex partners' risk...

  • Investigation of HIV/AIDS prevalence and associated risk factors among female sex workers from 2010 to 2017: a meta-analysis study. Eilami, Owrang; Nazari, Ali; Dousti, Majid; Sayehmiri, Fatemeh; Ghasemi, Maryam // HIV/AIDS - Research & Palliative Care;May2019, Vol. 11, p105 

    aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of HIV/AIDS and associated risk factors among FSW between 2010 and 2017 using a systematic literature review and meta-analysis approach. Methods: International databases were searched, including ISI Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and...

  • Components of resilience in gender: a comparative analysis of HIV outcomes in Kenya. Nikolova, Silviya P; Small, Eusebius; Mengo, Cecilia // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2015, Vol. 26 Issue 7, p483 

    Gender is a critical concept of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sexual risk; yet, few studies have examined the intersection between risk and protective factors associated with incidence of HIV among couples. The paper examines gender-specific constructs of resiliency among couples in Kenya....

  • Acute hepatitis B: the limits of maintaining patient confidentiality. Quinn, K. J.; McCarty, E. J.; Quah, S. P. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Nov2011, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p688 

    Household contacts of hepatitis B (HBV) are at risk of infection, and guidelines advise vaccination of these contacts in addition to sexual partners (along with traditional high-risk groups). We present a case of intrafamilial transmission of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) following failure to...

  • HIV transmission risk behaviours among HIV-positive persons in serodiscordant relationships. Kalichman, Seth C.; Rompa, David; Luke, Webster; Austin, James // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Oct2002, Vol. 13 Issue 10, p677 

    As many as one in three persons living with HIV-AIDS continue to practise unprotected sexual intercourse and these practices often occur with HIV-negative or unknown HIV serostatus (serodiscordant) partners. The current study examined the rates of HIV transmission risk behaviours in non-regular...

  • ENHANCING SPECIAL EDUCATORS' KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF HIV/AIDS. Nancy M.Sileo; Sileo, Thomas W.; Prater, Nary Anne // Physical Disabilities: Education & Related Services;Fall2008, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p35 

    HIV/AIDS continues to spread among children, youth, and young adults across all racial, ethnic, and cultural populations, including those with disabilities. This article considers information on HIV/ AIDS such as individuals' health-risk behaviors, environmental circumstances, and perceptions...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics