TITLE

THE ORIGINS OF HAMAS: AN OFFSHOOT OF MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD, OR A RESULT OF THE PLO'S MORAL CORRUPTION?

AUTHOR(S)
CEPOI, Ecaterina
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Scientific Research & Education in the Air Force - AFASES;2013, Vol. 1, p159
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Since its creation in 1987, Hamas has been at the forefront of armed resistance in the occupied Palestinian territories and is considered a terrorist group by U.S. and Israel, and seen as a militant fundamentalist Islamic organization which is operating in the West Bank and Gaza, by others. Despite of that, Hamas has an annual budget of $70 million, according to its Council on Foreign Relations, funds that are coming from expatriate Palestinians, or private donors, from Middle East, and states, such as Iran. Its name is an acronym for "Harakat Al-Muquwama Al-Islamyya, " or Islamic Resistance Movement in English. The word "Hamas" means Zeal, or Enthusiasm, in Arabic. As an organization, it has sections dedicated to religious, military, political as well as for security activities. In addition, it runs a social welfare program, and operates a number of schools, hospitals and religious institutions, following the Muslim Brotherhood's model But not the data provided above is the concern of this paper, but, the origins and reasons which led to the emergence of llamas on a territory, where, were already acting PLO and its favourite group Al-Fatah, or Muslim Brotherhood for charity activities, and because the origins and purpose of this organization are questioned by different scholars. For example, Israel accuses Hamas, of using civilians in Gaza, as a "human shield," and the territory's schools and hospitals as a cover for military hardware, while, on the other hand, there ale voices, which are accusing Mossad of funding Hamas in order to use it as a Casus Belli at a certain point, while it enjoys widespread backing .from the general population in Gaza, due to its charity program.
ACCESSION #
89922258

 

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