Importance of local participation in achieving equity in benefit-sharing mechanisms for REDD+: a case study from the Juma Sustainable Development Reserve

Gebara, Maria Fernanda
August 2013
International Journal of the Commons;Aug2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p473
Academic Journal
Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) in tropical countries is now a critical piece of any international agreement that aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. An important issue refers to the distribution of benefits or, in other words, benefit sharing mechanisms. In this paper, I examine the degree of local participation in benefit-sharing mechanisms in the case of the Juma Sustainable Development Reserve in the State of Amazonas, Brazil, and assess how local participation - or lack of it - affects the outcomes, particularly with regard to equity. The analysis seeks to address the gap between theory and practice by considering the main concerns regarding equitable benefit sharing for REDD+, namely, the types of benefits to be distributed, eligible beneficiaries, the structure of benefits, and mechanisms for distributing them, and by identifying the possible negative and positive effects of benefit-sharing mechanisms. In doing so, my aim is to contribute to the more effective design and implementation of benefit-sharing mechanisms and to expand debate on the topic. The main research question of this paper is: how important is local participation for achieving equity in benefit-sharing mechanisms for REDD+? The results of this analysis indicate that the adaptation and mitigation goals of REDD+ are more likely to be achieved if the development and implementation of benefit-sharing mechanisms involve democratic and interactive processes for local participation, because such processes will lead to greater flexibility in the definition of benefits and distributional mechanisms. I draw the following conclusions: (1) the criteria for equity should be considered when benefits are defined, rather than when they are distributed and (2) given the complex and diverse relationships and issues involved in deforestation, it is important to adopt a multidimensional approach when identifying beneficiaries and benefits and designing benefit-sharing mechanisms.


Related Articles

  • Greener by the day. Paget-Brown, Nick // Director;Jun2006, Vol. 59 Issue 11, p83 

    Focuses on climate change regulations in Europe. Consideration of the Kyoto Treaty that limits the effects of greenhouse gas emissions and new taxes and the sustainable development agenda as the two key drivers of environmental policy; Allocation of emissions allowances in the emissions trading...

  • Soft energy paths in Japan: a backcasting approach to energy planning. Suwa, Aki // Climate Policy (Earthscan);2009, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p185 

    Japan has recognized the need to make significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including CO2, but Japanese energy policy is fragmented and ineffective in coping with the challenge. Highly controversial options have been included in its strategy. Against this background, the...

  • Creating incentives for avoiding further deforestation: the nested approach. Pedroni, Lucio; Dutschke, Michael; Streck, Charlotte; Porr�a, Manuel Estrada // Climate Policy (Earthscan);2009, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p207 

    Since 2005, Parties to the UNFCCC have been negotiating policy options for incentivizing reductions of (greenhouse gas) emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) in a future climate regime. Proposals on how to operationalize REDD range from market-based to pure fund-based approaches....

  • Individual-Based Allometric Equations Accurately Measure Carbon Storage and Sequestration in Shrublands. Mason, Norman W. H.; Beets, Peter N.; Payton, Ian; Burrows, Larry; Holdaway, Robert J.; Carswell, Fiona E. // Forests (19994907);Feb2014, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p309 

    Many studies have quantified uncertainty in forest carbon (C) storage estimation, but there is little work examining the degree of uncertainty in shrubland C storage estimates. We used field data to simulate uncertainty in carbon storage estimates from three error sources: (1) allometric biomass...

  • Deadlines then fines. Walters, Kath // BRW;2/14/2008, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p30 

    The article cites a study on the preparedness of Australian companies for the introduction of new greenhouse gas reporting rules. A Melbourne, Victoria consultant claims that only 10 percent of the companies required to collect data about their greenhouse gas emissions have started to prepare....

  • ENVIRONMENTAL TREND OF TRANSPORT IN SLOVAKIA. Zuzulová, Andrea; Cápayová, Silvia; Schlosser, Tibor // Proceedings of the International Multidisciplinary Scientific Ge;2016, Vol. 2, p353 

    In recent years we observe a significant growth in transport performance in passenger and freight transport. Generally speaking, traffic must meet high the requirements for the quality and speed of transport. The quality of transport infrastructure is closely related with the growth of living...

  • Seeing the Forest. Linden, Eugene; Lovejoy, Thomas; Phillips, J. Daniel // Foreign Affairs;Jul/Aug2004, Vol. 83 Issue 4, p8 

    The article provides information on various efforts to address tropical deforestation. Conservationists must find ways to preserve the vitality of the systems that protect a forest, not just the forest itself. Moreover, the pace of deforestation is such that conservationists will have to...

  • Brazil 2010 Amazon Deforestation Data Shows Lowest Rate Ever Recorded.  // Brazzil Mag;Dec2010, p1 

    The article offers information on the decline in the deforestation rates by 14 percent from August 2009 to July 2010 in the Brazilian Amazon. It mentions that the decline in helps in reducing the greenhouse gas emissions. It offers information on the plans of Lula, former president of Brazil to...

  • Green Economy? Blumberg, Louis // Earth Island Journal;Summer2011, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p48 

    The article looks at the benefits of carbon offsets on the environment. It argues that offsets help protect forests and ease the transition to a low-carbon future. It also emphasizes that the use of carbon offsets helps the management of deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions. It can also...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics