A Survey On Cluster Based Routing Protocol Organization For Wireless Sensor Network

Patel, Saumil; Singh, Arun Kr.
October 2012
Golden Research Thoughts;Oct2012, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p1
Academic Journal
In the wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the sensor nodes (called motes) are usually scattered in a sensor field - an area in which the sensor nodes are deployed. These motes are small in size and have limited processing power , memory and battery life. The motes in these networks are coordinate to produce high-quality information and each of these scattered motes has the capabilities to collect and route data back to the base stations, which are fixed or mobile. In WSNs, conservation of energy, which is directly related to network lifetime, is considered relatively more important so use of energy efficient routing algorithms is one of the ways to reduce the energy conservation. In general, routing algorithms in WSNs can be divided into flat, hierarchical and location-based routing. In flat, all nodes are assigned equal roles. In hierarchical, however , nodes will play different roles in the network. While in location-based routing, sensor nodes are addressed by means of their locations.


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