Dauengauer, O. V.
June 2013
In the World of Scientific Discoveries / V Mire Nauchnykh Otkryt;2013, Issue 41.3, p77
Academic Journal
The article considers difficulties of agrarian reforms' realization in the beginning of the XX century in the context of bureaucracy functioning basing on Tver province materials. The article describes disadvantages of interaction between land managers and peasants; it analyzes the reasons, which in most cases led to the social conflict in the process of the reform. Bailiffs, land surveyors and their assistants were immediate executors of land reforms. They influenced on qualitative land management of communities and separate households, and finally, on peasants' attitude to the reform. For successful and speedy realization of agrarian reforms it was necessary to have a staff of bureaucrats, who possessed a high level of education, working experience in agricultural sphere of the economy and high integrity standards. The article analyzes Tver province land managers' corps, which allows to make a conclusion about the authorities' disability to appoint people with corresponding characteristics to these positions. Incompetence of bureaucrats alienated peasants from land management, made interaction conflict, and led to petty results of the reform makers' activity.


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