Bullying and its Psychological Effects on Adult and Adolescent Students

Qudsia Tariq; Asma Tayyab
July 2011
Journal of Educational Research (1027-9776);2011, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p22
Academic Journal
The aim of the study was (1) to examine the effects of bullying on psychological wellbeing among students, (2) the relation of bullying with self-esteem and life satisfaction, (3) how adult and adolescent groups differ in showing psychological reactions to peer bullying and (4) to access which age group is more vulnerable to bullying. It was hypothesized that (i) the rate of bullying would be higher in adolescent students than in adult students, (ii) the bullied adolescent students would have poorer self-esteem as compared to adults and, (iii) the bullied adolescent students would have more depression, more socially isolation, and less life satisfaction than adult bullied students. A 2 x 4 factorial design was selected for this research to study the interrelation of all the variables. The time frame decided for the research was six months as it involved a detailed procedure. The data was collected within the expected time frame. The sample consisted of 70 students was randomly selected from schools, colleges, and university. Sample included both males and females. The age range for adolescent students was 13 - 19 and for adult students was 20 - 26. The measures used to see the psychological impact included 1- Rosenberg's (1965) self- esteem scale, 2-Depression scale by S. D. Hollon and P. C. Kendall (1980),3- Life satisfaction scale by Diener et al. (1985) and 4- Social isolation scale developed by Dean (1961). For statistical analysis the co -relations & t- test were calculated between all the variables Very strong positive relations were found between bullying and all the 4 variables .The significant difference was also found between adolescents and adults on all four mentioned psychological variables. It was concluded that bullied adolescents have less life satisfaction, more depression, less self-esteem and more social isolation.


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