Iraq and the rules of the nuclear game

Cohen, Avner; Miller, Marvin
July 1991
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Jul/Aug1991, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p10
This article asserts that nuclear arms control in the Middle East must go hand-in-hand with a working peace process. The Gulf crisis stirred the old nightmare of a major Arab-Israeli war involving nuclear weapons. In late May, an international team of nuclear experts organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) completed its first postwar inspection of Iraq's declared stock of about 40 kilograms of safeguarded highly enriched (weapons-usable) uranium. This material, which is incorporated into fuel elements for two small research reactors destroyed by allied bombing, was inspected at Iraq's main nuclear research center at Al Tuwaitha, just south of Baghdad. Such inspections and disclosures from other sources should make it possible to judge more accurately how close Iraq was, before the Gulf War, to making nuclear weapons. The feeling also grew that Iraq's military power, especially its actual chemical weapons and nuclear potential, would be difficult to defuse if Iraq simply withdrew from Kuwait.


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