TITLE

SELF-REPORT INTERVIEW DATA FOR A STUDY OF HIV-1 INFECTION AMONG INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS: DESCRIPTION OF METHODS AND PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE ON VALIDITY

AUTHOR(S)
Anthony, James C.; Vlahov, David; Celentano, David D.; Menon, A. S.; Margolick, Joseph B.; Cohn, Sylvia; Nelson, Kenrad E.; Polk, B. Frank
PUB. DATE
September 1991
SOURCE
Journal of Drug Issues;Fall91, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p739
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article presents a description and preliminary evidence on validity of self-report interview methods being used in a study of HIV-1 infection and AIDS among intravenous drug users (IVDUs). The study population includes 2,616 currently active IVDUs living in or near Baltimore City, Maryland (USA), many of them reporting no prior treatment for drug dependence, and many with no history of criminal arrest or incarceration. These IVDUs were recruited in 1988-89 by extensive community outreach efforts; most learned of the study by word-of-mouth. To study IV drug use and HIV-1 infection in relation to onset of AIDS, the subjects are being interviewed, examined, and tested at baseline (recruitment), and periodically thereafter. This report compares information from the self-report baseline interview with independently collected data on physical stigmata of drug injection, T-lymphocyte cell subsets, and HIV-1 serostatus. The evidence generally supports the validity of these self-report data on IV drug use, including data from a year-by-year history of sharing injection equipment, obtained by retrospection at baseline.
ACCESSION #
9201131457

 

Related Articles

  • High Seroprevalence of Bloodborne Viruses among Street-Recruited Injection Drug Users from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Weissenbacher, Mercedes; Rossi, Diana; Radulich, Graciela; Sosa-Estáni, Sergio; Vila, Marcelo; Vivas, Enrique; Avila, María M.; Cuchi, Paloma; Rey, Jorge; Peralta, Liliana Martinez // Clinical Infectious Diseases;12/15/2003 Supplement 5, Vol. 37, pS348 

    Injection drug use is the main mechanism of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in Argentina (40% of reported AIDS cases in Argentina). This study was conducted among street-recruited injection drug users (IDUs) from Buenos Aires, with the aim of estimating seroprevalence and...

  • Evidence for a "Founder Effect" among HIV-infected injection drug users (IDUs) in Pakistan. Rai, Mohammad A.; Nerurkar, Vivek R.; Khoja, Suhail; Khan, Saeed; Yanagihara, Richard; Rehman, Arish; Kazmi, Shahana U.; Ali, Syed H. // BMC Infectious Diseases;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, Special section p1 

    Background: We have previously reported a HIV-1 subtype A infection in a community of injection drug users (IDUs) in Karachi, Pakistan. We now show that this infection among the IDUs may have originated from a single source. Methods: Phylogenetic analysis was performed of partial gag sequences,...

  • The Types of Drug Used by HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users in a Multistate Aurveillance Project: Implications for Intervention. Diaz, Theresa; Chu, Susan Y.; Byers Jr., Robert H.; Hersh, Bradley S.; Conti, Lisa; Rietmeijer, Cornelis A.; Mokotoff, Eve; Fann, S. Alan; Boyd, Denise; Iglesias, Lucia; Checko, Patricia J.; Frederick, Margaret; Hermann, Pat; Herr, Mary; Samuel, Michael C. // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1994, Vol. 84 Issue 12, p1971 

    Objectives. This study sought to describe the drugs used by drug injectors infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to determine factors associated with the primary injection drug used. Methods. A cross-section of persons 18 years of age or older reported with HIV or acquired...

  • HIV prevalence and risk behaviours among injecting drug users in six indonesian cities implications for future HIV prevention programs. Morineau, Guy; Bollen, Liesbeth J. M.; Syafitri, Rizky Ika; Nurjannah, Nurjannah; Mustikawati, Dyah Erti; Magnani, Robert // Harm Reduction Journal;2012, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p37 

    Background: The HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Indonesia reached 50% in 2005. While drug use remains illegal in Indonesia, a needle and syringe program (NSP) was implemented in 2006. Methods: In 2007, an integrated behavioural and biological surveillance survey was conducted...

  • Psychosocial and psychopathological predictors of HIV-risk injecting behavior among drug users in Portugal. Costa, Eleonora C. V.; Paiva, Carla A.; Ferreira, Domingos; Santos, Sofia // Análise Psicológica;2015, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p391 

    Despite the introduction of needle and syringe exchange programs (NSPs), sharing of syringes and other materials remains common among injection drug users (IDUs) worldwide. For this reason, IDUs are at high-risk of HIV transmission. This paper studies the psychosocial and psychopathological...

  • DEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINICAL PROFILES OF HIV POSITIVE CASES : A TWO-YEAR STUDY REPORT FROM A TERTIARY TEACHING HOSPITAL. Aich, T. K.; Dhungana, M.; Kumar, A.; Pawha, V. K. // Journal of the Nepal Medical Association;May/Jun2004, Vol. 43 Issue 153, p125 

    The report on the pattern of demographic and clinical profiles of HIV positive persons in Nepal are scarce. Present study was carried out at the Universal College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital at Bhairahawa (UCMS-TH). Following group of patients, who attended our different OPDs for a...

  • THE ALIVE STUDY: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF HIV-1 INFECTION IN INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS: DESCRIPTION OF METHODS. Vlahov, David; Anthony, James C.; Mu�oz, Alvaro; Margolick, Joseph; Nelson, Kenrad E.; Celentano, David D.; Solomon, Liza; Polk, B. Frank // Journal of Drug Issues;Fall91, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p759 

    To identify risk factors for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and for progression to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among intravenous drug users, we established a cohort in Baltimore Maryland in 1988-1989. Intravenous drug users were recruited by extensive...

  • Two Decades of HIV/AIDS in Hawaii: Contrast with National Trends. Marten, Lisa R.; Yuanshan Qiu; Borthakur, Pritty B.; Whiticar, Peter M. // Hawaii Medical Journal;Jun2005, Vol. 64 Issue 6, p156 

    This paper describes the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Hawaii. Data indicate gradual but steady changes in characteristics of infected populations. Most significant are increases in cases among Asian Pacific Islanders, women, heterosexuals and younger age groups. Early harm reduction measures and low...

  • The Challenge of Implementation of Preventive Programs in a Developing Country: Experiences, Situations, and Perspectives in Uruguay. Osimani, María Luz // Clinical Infectious Diseases;12/15/2003 Supplement 5, Vol. 37, pS422 

    No abstract available.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics