TITLE

An evaluation of a multiyear gun buy-back programme: re-examining the impact on violent crimes

AUTHOR(S)
Phillips, Scott W.; Dae-Young Kim; Sobol, James J.
PUB. DATE
September 2013
SOURCE
International Journal of Police Science & Management;Autumn2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p246
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to examine gun buybacks as a policy response to gun-related crime. It improves upon past studies by examining a city that has used multiple gun buy-backs as a standard crime prevention approach, allowing the multiple intervention points to be assessed. Further, the study examined crime data over a longer period and included a comparison group of similar crime trends without a gun. Total crime, homicide, robbery and assault data spanning several years are subject to an interrupted timeseries analysis. Non-gun crimes served as control variables. Examining the first two intervention dates indicated that the gun buy-back programme had no impact on reducing crimes. Specifically, the gun buy-back programme in the study location reduced gun homicide levels, but results failed to reach statistical significance. When the third intervention date was examined, the gun buyback programme resulted in a significant decrease in gun robbery levels, controlling for non-gun robbery levels and unemployment rates. The results for gun robbery suggest that gun buy-back programmes may take years to affect crime numbers, although future research is warranted.
ACCESSION #
93274194

 

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