HIV-Infected and Unaware

Klitsch, Michael
November 1993
Family Planning Perspectives;Nov/Dec93, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p243
Academic Journal
This article discusses human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people's lack of knowledge about their infection until shortly before developing AIDS. Young people and those who were infected heterosexually with the (HIV) often may not know they are infected until shortly before developing AIDS, according to British research. In a study of 3,556 British men and women diagnosed between January 1989 and December 1992 as having AIDS, 49% learned they were HIV-infected nine months or less before the diagnosis with AIDS. "Such people are unable to receive primary prophylaxis and antiretroviral treatment and have less time to accept their sempositive status and to build up a relationship with counsellors and support groups before becoming ill," the researchers comment. They add, though, that these individuals "are not necessarily unaware of their risk of being infected may have decided not to be tested because of denial, ignorance of available treatments, fear of stigmatisation, or fear or repercussions regarding employment, mortgages, life insurance, etc."


Related Articles

  • HIV Prevention Interventions in Chennai, India: Are Men Who Have Sex with Men Being Reached? Thomas, Beena; Mimiaga, Matthew J.; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Johnson, Carey V.; Menon, Sunil; Chandrasekaran, V.; Murugesan, P.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Safren, Steven A. // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Nov2009, Vol. 23 Issue 11, p981 

    India has the greatest number of HIV infections in Asia and the third highest total number of infected persons globally. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are considered by the Government of India's National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) a “core risk group” for HIV in need of HIV...

  • HIV testing and counselling for women attending child health clinics: an opportunity for entry to prevent mother-to-child transmission and HIV treatment. Chersich, M. F.; Luchters, S. M. F.; Othigo, M. J.; Yard, E.; Mandaliya, K.; Temmerman, M. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jan2008, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p42 

    This study assessed the potential for HIV testing at child health clinics to increase knowledge of HIV status, and entry to infant feeding counselling and HIV treatment. At a provincial hospital in Mombasa, Kenya, HIV testing and counselling were offered to women bringing their child for...

  • Cidofovir in AIDS-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: A monocenter observational study with clinical and JC virus load monitoring. Gasnault, Jacques; Kousignian, Pascale; Kahraman, Mufide; Rahoiljaon, Josoa; Matheron, Sophie; Delfraissy, Jean-François; Taoufik, Yassine // Journal of NeuroVirology;Aug2001, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p375 

    A monocenter observational study was conducted to determine the clinical and virological effects of cidofovir added to highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in AIDS-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Exposure to other anti-viral drugs or late initiation of...

  • GERMAN AIDS NUMBERS DROP. Wockner, Rex // Bay Windows;4/14/1999, pN.PAG 

    Presents information on the number of AIDS cases in Germany as of April 14, 1999. Decrease in the number of AIDS cases in 1998 compared in 1997; Total number of Germans that developed AIDS.

  • Epidemiology and prognosis of AIDS-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in the HAART era. Antinori, Andrea; Ammassari, Adriana; Giancola, Maria Letizia; Cingolani, Antonella; Grisetti, Susanna; Murri, Rita; Alba, Lucia; Ciancio, Bruno; Soldani, Fabio; Larussa, Dora; Ippolito, Giuseppe; De Luca, Andrea // Journal of NeuroVirology;Aug2001, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p323 

    Whereas most AIDS-related neurologic disorders have reduced incidence since HAART therapy was introduced, we find that the incidence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) did not significantly differ between the preHAART and the HAART period (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.41-1.50). These...

  • Treatment of non-AIDS progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy with cytosine arabinoside. Aksamit, A.J. // Journal of NeuroVirology;Aug2001, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p386 

    This open label study determined the outcome of non-AIDS progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy patients treated with a standard dose of intravenous cytosine arabinoside. Nineteen patients with PML proven by brain biopsy or spinal fluid polymerase chain reaction were treated with intravenous...

  • Control of the medical treatment of AIDS. Velichenko, V.; Pritykin, D. // Automation & Remote Control;Mar2006, Vol. 67 Issue 3, p493 

    This work deals with the statement and the solution of problems of optimal control of the human immune system affected by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The solution is performed by the numerical methods of optimal control on the basis of a dynamic model of the development of an infection...

  • AIDS & RELATED LEGAL ISSUES.  // Lesbian -- Gay Law Notes;May2005, p108 

    Lists several publications on AIDS and legal issues related to the disease in the U.S. in 2005.

  • Recent Evolutionary History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtype B—Response. Smith, Una R.; Kuiken, Carla R.; Korber, Bette T. // Journal of Molecular Evolution;May2003, Vol. 56 Issue 5, p643 

    The year of origin estimated by Lukashov and Goudsmit for HIV-1 subtype B is 1976 (95% CI, 1974–1977); this is significantly different from our prior estimate, 1967 (95% CI, 1960–1971). We review published evidence, which suggests that their estimate is too late.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics