TITLE

Interrupting Violence: How the CeaseFire Program Prevents Imminent Gun Violence through Conflict Mediation

AUTHOR(S)
Whitehill, Jennifer; Webster, Daniel; Frattaroli, Shannon; Parker, Elizabeth
PUB. DATE
February 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Urban Health;Feb2014, Vol. 91 Issue 1, p84
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cities are increasingly adopting CeaseFire, an evidence-based public health program that uses specialized outreach workers, called violence interrupters (VIs), to mediate potentially violent conflicts before they lead to a shooting. Prior research has linked conflict mediation with program-related reductions in homicides, but the specific conflict mediation practices used by effective programs to prevent imminent gun violence have not been identified. We conducted case studies of CeaseFire programs in two inner cities using qualitative data from focus groups with 24 VIs and interviews with eight program managers. Study sites were purposively sampled to represent programs with more than 1 year of implementation and evidence of program effectiveness. Staff with more than 6 months of job experience were recruited for participation. Successful mediation efforts were built on trust and respect between VIs and the community, especially high-risk individuals. In conflict mediation, immediate priorities included separating the potential shooter from the intended victim and from peers who may encourage violence, followed by persuading the parties to resolve the conflict peacefully. Tactics for brokering peace included arranging the return of stolen property and emphasizing negative consequences of violence such as jail, death, or increased police attention. Utilizing these approaches, VIs are capable of preventing gun violence and interrupting cycles of retaliation.
ACCESSION #
94176986

 

Related Articles

  • Firearm Homicide and Firearm Suicide: Opposite but Equal. Branas, Charles C.; Richmond, Therese S.; Schwab, C. William // Public Health Reports;Mar/Apr2004, Vol. 119 Issue 2, p114 

    Objective. Homicide and suicide are intentional acts of violence that disproportionately involve firearms. Much more effort has been devoted to the ecological study of homicide; methods that have been developed to better understand and subsequently prevent homicide may be applicable to suicide....

  • REFLECTIONS ON FIREARMS AND THE CRIMINAL LAW. Zimring, Franklin E. // Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology;Fall95, Vol. 86 Issue 1, p1 

    The article presents the author's opinion on firearms and violence. Firearms and firearms control have never been an important issue in criminal law scholarship, even though firearms are used in many violent crimes and the criminal law is the principal mechanism used to regulate gun ownership...

  • Effects of Baltimore's Safe Streets Program on Gun Violence: A Replication of Chicago's CeaseFire Program. Webster, Daniel; Whitehill, Jennifer; Vernick, Jon; Curriero, Frank // Journal of Urban Health;Feb2013, Vol. 90 Issue 1, p27 

    Chicago's CeaseFire program is an evidence-based public health approach to preventing gun violence. Baltimore is one of many US cities attempting to replicate the program. We compared changes in the number of homicide and nonfatal shooting incidents per month in four intervention neighborhoods...

  • FIREARM AVAILABILITY AND THE USE OF FIREARMS FOR SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE. Lester, David // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Dec2000 Part 1, Vol. 91 Issue 3, p998 

    Reports on a measure of firearm availability based on the percentages of suicides and homicides using firearms that gave better evidence for an association between firearm availability and their use for suicide and homicide than did the accidental firearm mortality rate.

  • From the Editor. Enriquez, Roger // Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p183 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Doctors Clark, Boccaccini, and Turner on the extent of juries' disposition to question confession evidence validity, one by Doctor Altheimer on the impact of gun availability on gun-related crimes in cross-national...

  • Gun Violence in NYC: The Killer You Avoid Could Be Yourself. Murphy, Jarrett // City Limits Magazine;5/7/2013, p1 

    The article reports on New York City's gun homicide rate, firearm homicide rate, and gun suicide rate as of 2009.

  • Shootings renew fears over workplace threats. Casale, Jeff // Business Insurance;11/16/2009, Vol. 43 Issue 41, p1 

    The article reports that recent workplace shootings in the U.S. have highlighted the issue of violence in the workplace. On November 5, 2009, Army psychiatrist Nidal Malik Hasan allegedly went on a shooting rampage that killed 13 U.S. soldiers and wounded 30 other individuals. Tom Tripp of...

  • Annotation: Firearm-Related Violence--What We Don't Know Is Killing Us. Kellermann, Arthur L. // American Journal of Public Health;Apr94, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p541 

    The author discusses a study which examined the relative risks that handguns will be involved in the homicide of a law enforcement officer in the U.S. The study used handgun production figures and statistics from the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Firearm-related deaths and injuries are...

  • Firearm deaths decline.  // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;11/11/2003, Vol. 169 Issue 10, p1064 

    Reports on the decline in homicide rates in Canada in 2002. Percentage of decline in firearm-related deaths; Rate of mortality associated with firearms in the U.S. in 2000; Provinces in Canada with low homicide rate.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics