Bovine Tuberculosis and Brucellosis in Traditionally Managed Livestock in Selected Districts of Southern Province of Zambia

Muma, J. B.; Syakalima, M.; Munyeme, M.; Zulu, V. C.; Simuunza, M.; Kurata, M.
January 2013
Veterinary Medicine International;2013, p1
Academic Journal
A study was performed in 2008 to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis in traditionally reared cattle of Southern Province in Zambia in four districts. The single comparative intradermal tuberculin test (SCITT) was used to identify TB reactors, and the Rose Bengal test (RBT), followed by confirmation with competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA), was used to test for brucellosis. A total of 459 animals were tested for tuberculosis and 395 for brucellosis.The overall prevalence of BTB based on the 4mm and 3mm cutoff criteria was 4.8% (95% CI: 2.6-7.0%) and 6.3% (95% CI: 3.8-8.8%), respectively. Change in skin thickness on SCITT was influenced by initial skin-fold thickness at the inoculation site, where animals with thinner skin had a tendency to give a larger tuberculin response. Brucellosis seroprevalence was estimated at 20.7% (95% CI: 17.0-24.4%). Comparison between results from RBT and c-ELISA showed good agreement (84.1%) and revealed subjectivity in RBT test results. Differences in brucellosis and tuberculosis prevalence across districts were attributed to type of husbandry practices and ecological factors. High prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis suggests that control programmes are necessary for improved cattle productivity and reduced public health risk.


Related Articles

  • Determination of Herd Prevalence of Brucellosis using Rose Bengal Plate Test and Indirect ELISA. Sharma, Kishan K.; Kalyani, Irsadullakhan H.; Kshirsagar, Deepak P.; Patel, Dharmesh R. // Journal of Animal Research;Apr2015, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p105 

    The present study was aimed at diagnosis of brucellosis in cattle and buffalo using RBPT and iELISA and comparing the two tests. The animals belonged to a cattle shelter house (Gaushala). Out of 303 sera samples collected, 125 (41.25 %) were positive by RBPT and among 125 positive samples, 2...

  • A study on bovine brucellosis in an organized dairy farm. Bhanu Rekha, V.; Gunaseelan, L.; Subramanian, A.; Yale, Gowry // Veterinary World;Sep2013, Vol. 6 Issue 9, p681 

    Aim: To assess the status of bovine brucellosis in an organized dairy with a past history of Brucella abortions and where Brucella control measures including test and removal, calf-hood vaccination (already present adult animals were not vaccinated), use of semen obtained from a screened bull...

  • Representative Seroprevalences of Human and Livestock Brucellosis in Two Mongolian Provinces. Zolzaya, Baljinnyam; Selenge, Tsend; Narangarav, Tsegeen; Gantsetseg, Dorj; Erdenechimeg, Dashzevge; Zinsstag, Jakob; Schelling, Esther // EcoHealth;Sep2014, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p356 

    Mongolia implemented a brucellosis livestock mass vaccination campaign from 2000 to 2009. However, the number of human cases did not decline since 2004 and the current epidemiological situation in Mongolia was uncertain. The objective of this study was to estimate the representative...

  • Bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis prevalence in cattle from selected milk cooperatives in Arsi zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia. Tschopp, Rea; Abera, Birhanu; Sabi Yao Sourou; Guerne-Bleich, Emmanuelle; Aseffa, Abraham; Wubete, Alehegne; Zinsstag, Jakob; Young, Douglas // BMC Veterinary Research;9/1/2013, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and bovine brucellosis are two important milk-borne zoonoses that have been shown to be prevalent to various degrees in Ethiopian cattle. The study was carried out in four Woredas (districts) around Asella town, Arsi Zone between October 2011 and March 2012...

  • Evaluation of Coprological and Serological Techniques For Diagnosis of Bovine Fasciolosis. Avcioglu, H.; Guven, E.; Balkaya, I.; Kaynar, O.; Hayirli, A. // Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine;Dec2014, Vol. 69 Issue 4, p203 

    This study was carried out to determine the prevalence bovine fasciolosis in Erzurum Province in Turkey and to evaluate sensitivity and specificity of the coproscopy by sedimentation and antibody-ELISA tests considering the copro-ELISA test as the gold standard. A total of 282 cattle (230 female...

  • SEROPREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN BUFFALO BULLS USED FOR NATURAL SERVICE IN MEHSANA MILK SHED AREA, GUJARAT. Patel, P. A.; Modi, L. C.; Patel, S. P.; Jadhav, K. M.; Modi, Falguni // Journal of Indian Veterinary Association;Aug2011, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p64 

    Brucellosis is an endemic problem in North Gujarat. Though the bull is not directly transmitting the disease from one infected buffalo to another, infected bull may infect clean animals hence it has great significance in control programme. The prevalence of brucellosis in buffalo bulls used for...

  • Evaluation of ELISA and Brucellacapt tests for diagnosis of human Brucellosis. Peeridogaheh, Hadi; Golmohammadi, Mohammad Ghasem; Pourfarzi, Farhad // Iranian Journal of Microbiology;Mar2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p14 

    Background and Objectives: Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases in Iran and human brucellosis is endemic in all parts of the country. Because of the difficulty in the diagnosis of brucellosis, particularly in endemic areas, the use of new and feasible diagnostic tests seem to...

  • Development and Comparative Evaluation of a Competitive ELISA with Rose Bengal Test and a Commercial Indirect ELISA for Serological Diagnosis of Brucellosis. Mythili, Tadepalli; Rajendra, Lingala; Bhavesh, Trangadia; Thiagarajan, Dorairajan; Srinivasan, Villuppanoor // Indian Journal of Microbiology;Oct2011, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p528 

    The development of a competitive ELISA for the detection of brucella-specific antibodies in bovines is described. Anti-brucella guinea pig serum was used as a source of competing antibodies. Lipo-polysaccharide purified from inactivated B. abortus S19 culture was used as antigen for the...

  • Seroprevalence studies of bovine brucellosis using indirectenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (i-ELISA) at organized and unorganized farms in three different states of India. Jagapur, Ramesh V.; Rathore, Rajesh; Karthik, K.; Somavanshi, Ramesh // Veterinary World;Aug2013, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p550 

    Aim: The present study was undertaken to know the seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle and buffaloes. The work was carried out during the period 2011 through 2013 at Centre for Animal Diseases, Research and Diagnostics, IVRI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: A total of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics