TITLE

Bovine Tuberculosis and Brucellosis in Traditionally Managed Livestock in Selected Districts of Southern Province of Zambia

AUTHOR(S)
Muma, J. B.; Syakalima, M.; Munyeme, M.; Zulu, V. C.; Simuunza, M.; Kurata, M.
PUB. DATE
January 2013
SOURCE
Veterinary Medicine International;2013, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A study was performed in 2008 to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis in traditionally reared cattle of Southern Province in Zambia in four districts. The single comparative intradermal tuberculin test (SCITT) was used to identify TB reactors, and the Rose Bengal test (RBT), followed by confirmation with competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA), was used to test for brucellosis. A total of 459 animals were tested for tuberculosis and 395 for brucellosis.The overall prevalence of BTB based on the 4mm and 3mm cutoff criteria was 4.8% (95% CI: 2.6-7.0%) and 6.3% (95% CI: 3.8-8.8%), respectively. Change in skin thickness on SCITT was influenced by initial skin-fold thickness at the inoculation site, where animals with thinner skin had a tendency to give a larger tuberculin response. Brucellosis seroprevalence was estimated at 20.7% (95% CI: 17.0-24.4%). Comparison between results from RBT and c-ELISA showed good agreement (84.1%) and revealed subjectivity in RBT test results. Differences in brucellosis and tuberculosis prevalence across districts were attributed to type of husbandry practices and ecological factors. High prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis suggests that control programmes are necessary for improved cattle productivity and reduced public health risk.
ACCESSION #
94644519

 

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