Oral health associated with quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil

Barreto Soares, Gabriella; Adas Saliba Garbin, Cléa; Adas Saliba Rovida, Tânia; Ísper Garbin, Artênio José
March 2014
Health & Quality of Life Outcomes;2014, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background The epidemic of HIV / AIDS enters into its fourth decade and is still considered an important public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose is verify the oral health and other factors that influence the quality of life of people living with HIV / AIDS attending a public service reference in Brazil. Methods The participants answered the questionnaire on socio-demographic conditions, issues related to HIV and daily habits. The quality of life was analyzed by the HIV/AIDS Targeted Quality of Life (HAT-QoL) instrument with 42 items divided into nine domains: General Activity, Sexual Activity, Confidentiality concerns, Health Concerns, Financial Concern, HIV Awareness, Satisfaction with Life Issues related to medication and Trust in the physician. The oral health data were collected by means of the DMFT index, use and need of dentures and the Community Periodontal Index, according to the criteria proposed by the World Health Organization, by a calibrated researcher. Bivariate and multiple linear regressions were performed. Results Of the participants, 53.1% were women and had a mean age of 42 years, 53.1% had eight years or less of schooling and 20.3% were not employed. In analyzing the quality of life domain of the HAT-QoL, with a lower average there was: Financial concern (39.4), followed by Confidentiality concern (43.2), Sexual activities (55.2) and Health concerns (62. 88). There was an association between the variables: do not have link to employment (p <0.001), is brown or black (p = 0.045), alcohol consumption (p = 0.041), did not make use of antiretroviral therapy (p = 0.006), high levels of viral load (p = 0.035) and need for dentures (p = 0.025), with the worse quality of life scores. Conclusion Socioeconomic and inadequate health conditions had a negative impact on the quality of life of people with HIV / AIDS.


Related Articles

  • Criminal charges laid in three new situations.  // HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review;Aug2005, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p19 

    The article presents information on three people living with HIV who have been charged with criminal offences related to exposing someone to HIV in Canada. Each case is a first under Canadian Law. In February 2005, an HIV-positive man in Hamilton, Ontario was charged with two counts of...

  • A Single-Item Measure of Health-Related Quality-of-Life for HIV-Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Care. Crane, Heidi M.; Van Rompaey, Stephen E.; Dillingham, Peter W.; Herman, Eric; Diehr, Paula; Kitahata, Mari M. // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Mar2006, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p161 

    Measurement of health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) captures dimensions of health not otherwise assessed. However, HRQL measurement is time-consuming and difficult to incorporate into a routine clinical care setting. The purpose of this study was to assess the construct validity, discriminative...

  • THE VIABILITY OF OUTERCOURSE FOR HIV PREVENTION WITHIN THE PUERTO RICAN CONTEXT. Norman, Lisa R. // Ethnicity & Disease;Winter2010 Supplement, Vol. 20, pS1-178 

    Background: As the number of HIV/AIDS cases continues to increase in Puerto Rico, outercourse, or non-penetrative sexual activities, may be one alternative for healthy sexual living for persons living with or at risk for HIV/AIDS. Methods: Between April and August 2006, we surveyed 1138 women...

  • Update in HIV Care. Berkenblit, Gail; Sullivan, Lynn; Sosman, James; Gifford, Allen; Cofrancesco Jr., Joseph // JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine;Feb2007, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p253 

    The article presents updates in the care of people with HIV. Reviews of topics related to HIV, specifically developments in the understanding of HIV transmission, baseline resistance testing, issues in treatment interruption and choice of initial treatment regimens, are explained and discussed....

  • Can data from HIV voluntary counselling and testing be used to assess the impact of public health interventions? A literature review. Guy, R. J.; Prybylski, D.; Fairley, C. K.; Hellard, M. E.; Kaldor, J. M. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2009, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p378 

    Routinely collected data from clinical sites offering voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV diagnosis have been used to evaluate the impact of public health interventions; however, there has been considerable diversity in strategies. To gain an understanding of the outcome of these...

  • Quality of Life Code.  // Illinois Register;12/5/2014, Vol. 38 Issue 49, p22435 

    The article discusses the notice of proposed rules issued by the Illinois Department of Public Health for the quality of life code. Topics discussed include creation of the Quality of Life Endowment Fund in the Illinois State Treasury under the Illinois Grant Funds Recovery Act to support human...

  • lRecent multiple sexual partners and HIV transmission risks among people living with HIV/AIDS in Botswana. Kalichman, Seth C.; Ntseane, Dolly; Nthomang, Keitseope; Segwabe, Mosarwa; Phorano, Odireleng; Simbayi, Leickness C. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2007, Vol. 83 Issue 5, p371 

    Background: HIV prevalence in Botswana is among the highest in the world and sexual networking patterns represent an important dimension to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS. Aim: To examine risk behaviour associated with recent multiple sexual partnerships among people living with HIV/AIDS...

  • Impact of HIV on Specific Biological Parameters. Gandhi, Sangeetha // New Indian Journal of Surgery;Oct2011, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p300 

    Impact of HIV on Specific Biological Parameters. Ramesh K, Gangadhara Goud T, Sangeetha Gandhi, Vishwas RaoBackground: AIDS is a pandemic now. It has multiple risk factors and of all the risk factors, sexual behavior acts as a double edged sword. On one hand, the risk of HIV acquisition is known...

  • 'Sugar daddies' fuel HIV/AIDS epidemic in girls.  // Contemporary Sexuality;Aug2002, Vol. 36 Issue 8, p9 

    The article focuses on the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in many countries. Sex between generations is fueling the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Older people are often the source of infection in younger women, especially in the developing world. Researchers at the University of California, who studied...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics