TITLE

The Types of Drug Used by HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users in a Multistate Aurveillance Project: Implications for Intervention

AUTHOR(S)
Diaz, Theresa; Chu, Susan Y.; Byers Jr., Robert H.; Hersh, Bradley S.; Conti, Lisa; Rietmeijer, Cornelis A.; Mokotoff, Eve; Fann, S. Alan; Boyd, Denise; Iglesias, Lucia; Checko, Patricia J.; Frederick, Margaret; Hermann, Pat; Herr, Mary; Samuel, Michael C.
PUB. DATE
December 1994
SOURCE
American Journal of Public Health;Dec1994, Vol. 84 Issue 12, p1971
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives. This study sought to describe the drugs used by drug injectors infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to determine factors associated with the primary injection drug used. Methods. A cross-section of persons 18 years of age or older reported with HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to local health departments in 11 US states and cities was surveyed. Results. Of 4162 persons interviewed, 1147 (28% ) reported ever having injected drugs. Of these 1147 injectors, 72% primarily injected a drug other than heroin. However, the types of rugs injected varied notably by place of residence. Heroin was the most commonly injected drug in Detroit (94%) and Connecticut (48%); cocaine was the most common in South Carolina (64%), Atlanta (56%), Delaware (55%), Denver (46%); and Arizona (44%); speedball was most common in Florida (46%); and amphetamines were most common in Washington (56%). Other determinants of the type of drug primarily injected were often similar by region of residence, except for heroin use. Polysubstance abuse was common; 75% injected more than one type of drug, and 85% reported noninjected drug use. Conclusions. Preventing the further spread of HIV will require more drug abuse treatment programs that go beyond methadone, address polysubstance abuse, and adapt to local correlates of the primary drug used.
ACCESSION #
9501191614

 

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