TITLE

SST and ENSO variability and change simulated in historical experiments of CMIP5 models

AUTHOR(S)
Jha, Bhaskar; Hu, Zeng-Zhen; Kumar, Arun
PUB. DATE
April 2014
SOURCE
Climate Dynamics;Apr2014, Vol. 42 Issue 7/8, p2113
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This work documents the diversity in Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) models in simulating different aspects of sea surface temperature (SST) variability, particularly those associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), as well as the impact of low-frequency variations on the ENSO variability and its global teleconnection. The historical simulations (1870-2005) include 10 models with ensemble member ranging from 3 to 10 that are forced with observed atmospheric composition changes reflecting both natural and anthropogenic forcings. It is shown that the majority of the CMIP5 models capture the relative large SST anomaly variance in the tropical central and eastern Pacific, as well as in North Pacific and North Atlantic. The frequency of ENSO is not well captured by almost all models, particularly for the period of 5-6 years. The low-frequency variations in SST caused by external forcings affect the SST variability and also modify the global teleconnection of ENSO. The models reproduce the global averaged SST low-frequency variations, particularly since 1970s. However, majority of the models are unable to correctly simulate the spatial pattern of the observed SST trends. These results suggest that it is still a challenge to reproduce the features of global historical SST variations with the state-of-the-art coupled general circulation model.
ACCESSION #
95276022

 

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