The Broadband Stimulus: A Rural Boondoggle and Missed Opportunity

January 2014
I/S: A Journal of Law & Policy for the Information Society;Winter2014, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p453
Academic Journal
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act included $7 billion for broadband development. We highlight two endemic problems with the rural subsidy programs managed by the National Telecommunications Agency ("NTIA"): 1) There is little economic rationale for subsidizing rural areas; and 2) NTIA's mechanism for selecting projects appears to have been largely incoherent. The rationale for rural subsidies has been debunked by scores of economists - the programs turn out to be inefficient income transfer mechanisms and do not tend to increase subscriptions, but Congress forced NTIA to award subsidies. In its awards, NTIA adopted a system that led to awards differing by more than a factor of 100 in terms of expected cost-effectiveness. Had it adopted a more reasonable framework, many more households could have been connected for the same money, or the same number of connections could have been realized for a fraction of the cost.


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