TITLE

A modelling approach to infer the effects of wind farms on landscape connectivity for bats

AUTHOR(S)
Roscioni, Federica; Rebelo, Hugo; Russo, Danilo; Carranza, Maria; Febbraro, Mirko; Loy, Anna
PUB. DATE
May 2014
SOURCE
Landscape Ecology;May2014, Vol. 29 Issue 5, p891
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Little is known about the potentially disrupting effects of wind farms on the habitat connectivity of flying vertebrates at the landscape scale. We developed a regional-scale model to assess the wind farm impact on bat migration and commuting routes. The model was implemented for the bat Nyctalus leisleri in a region of central Italy currently undergoing considerable wind farm development. A Species Distribution Model (SDM) for N. leisleri was generated using the MaxEnt algorithm based on 47 presence records (reduced to 19 after the autocorrelation procedure) and 10 environmental variables derived from topographic and land cover maps. We used the SDM to create a map of connectivity using the software UNICOR to identify potential commuting corridors (PCCs). The incidence of each wind farm on bat flight corridors was assessed by overlaying the existing (380) and planned (195) turbine locations onto the PCCs. The SDM was statistically robust (AUC > 0.8). Most of the corridors were concentrated in the western part of the region, which hosts the largest suitable areas for the species; most of the existing (54 %) and planned (72 %) wind farms interfered with important corridors connecting the western and the eastern parts of the region. Our results provide key information on the impact of the wind farm industry on biodiversity on a regional scale. The novel approach adopted, based on SDM and connectivity analysis, could be easily extended to other flying vertebrates and landscapes and constitutes a promising planning tool necessary for harmonizing the development of renewable energy infrastructures with issues of biodiversity conservation.
ACCESSION #
95660050

 

Related Articles

  • Green Energy Land Rush. MARSHALL, BOB // Field & Stream;Jan2010, Vol. 114 Issue 8, p38 

    The article discusses the effect of wind and solar projects that could damage wildlife habitat. It states that the demand for land and water, solar and wind energy projects are designed in order to produce power on large scale. It states that corn-based ethanol was billed as a green fuel that...

  • Green Energy Land Rush. Marshall, Bob // Field & Stream;Dec2009, Vol. 114 Issue 8, p38 

    The article discusses the issues concerning the emergence of large-scale wind and solar projects by the fishing and wildlife conservation communities in the U.S. It mentions that solar projects caused the critical rate of water usage because they will be located in areas where the sun shines...

  • Global bioenergy resources. Slade, Raphael; Bauen, Ausilio; Gross, Robert // Nature Climate Change;Feb2014, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p99 

    Using biomass to provide energy services is a strategically important option for increasing the global uptake of renewable energy. Yet the practicalities of accelerating deployment are mired in controversy over the potential resource conflicts that might occur, particularly over land, water and...

  • WHOLE FOODS MAKES LANDMARK PURCHASE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CREDITS.  // In Business;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p8 

    The article reports that the Whole Foods Market Inc., the world's largest natural foods grocery chain, has made a landmark purchase of renewable energy credits from wind farms to offset 100 percent of the electricity used in all of its stores, regional offices and national headquarters in the...

  • Biodiversity Conservation, Ecosystem Services and Livelihoods in Tropical Landscapes: Towards a Common Agenda. Schroth, Götz; McNeely, Jeffrey // Environmental Management;Aug2011, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p229 

    Trade-offs between ecosystem conservation and agricultural production can more easily be addressed by shifting the view from the plot scale to the scale of the landscape and integrating biodiversity friendly land use systems into development strategies. The provision of ecosystem services such...

  • Biodiversity cash aimed at hotspots. R.D. // Nature;8/24/2000, Vol. 406 Issue 6798, p818 

    Focuses on the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, which will provide money to preserve the world's most endangered biodiversity locations. Funding from the World Bank, Conservation International, and the Global Environment Facility of the United Nations Development Programme; Plans to focus...

  • Introducing the Talamanca Institute: Philanthropy for the 21st century. McLarney, Bill // Annals of Earth;2015, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p9 

    The article discusses the launch of the Talamanca Institute to save the world's most important natural places, enrich the lives of its residents and contribute to the world's tropical biodiversity. The Institute was created by Costa Rican organization ANAI to share more effectively the...

  • BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN NIGERIA: AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEGAL REGIME IN RELATION TO THE NIGER DELTA AREA OF THE COUNTRY. Ebeku, Kaniye S. A. // Journal of Environmental Law;2004, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p361 

    The biodiversity of the Niger Delta area is the richest in the country, and contains species of national and international importance. This articles tests the claims of international bodies that the biodiversity in the region remains unprotected, by examining both the content and application of...

  • Questions of importance to the conservation of biological diversity: answers from the past. Willis, K. J.; Bhagwat, S. A. // Climate of the Past;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p759 

    Paleoecological records are replete with examples of biotic responses to past climate change and human impact, but how can we use these records in the conservation of current and future biodiversity? A recently published list of (One Hundred Questions of Importance to the Conservation of Global...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics