Nitrite Promotes the Growth and Decreases the Lignin Content of indica Rice Calli: A Comprehensive Transcriptome Analysis of Nitrite-Responsive Genes during In Vitro Culture of Rice

Wang, Xin; Li, Yang; Fang, Gen; Zhao, Qingchuan; Zeng, Qi; Li, Xuemei; Gong, Hanyu; Li, Yangsheng
April 2014
PLoS ONE;Apr2014, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p1
Academic Journal
As both major macronutrients and signal molecules, nitrogen metabolites, such as nitrate and nitrite, play an important role in plant growth and development. In this study, the callus growth of indica rice cv. 9311 was significantly enhanced by nitrite, whereas the soluble protein content remained unchanged. The deep RNA sequencing technology (RNA-seq) showed that the transcriptional profiles of cv. 9311 calli were significantly changed after adding nitrite to the nitrate-free medium, and these nitrite-responsive genes were involved in a wide range of plant processes, particularly in the secondary metabolite pathways. Interestingly, most of the genes involved in phenylpropanoid-related pathways were coordinately down-regulated by nitrite, such as four cinnamoyl-CoA reductase, and these in turn resulted in the decrease of lignin content of indica calli. Furthermore, several candidate genes related to cell growth or stress responses were identified, such as genes coding for expansins, SMALL AUXIN UP RNA (SAUR) and HSP20s, and these suggested that nitrite could probably serve as a transcriptome signal to enhance the indica calli growth by regulation of various downstream genes expression. This study contributes to a better understanding of the function of nitrite during the process of plant tissue culture and could aid in the application of this technology to improved indica genetic transformation efficiency.


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