TITLE

Early Oral Feeding vs. Traditional Feeding in Patients Undergoing Elective Open Bowel Surgery-a Randomized Controlled Trial

AUTHOR(S)
Pragatheeswarane, M.; Muthukumarassamy, R.; Kadambari, D.; Kate, Vikram
PUB. DATE
May 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery;May2014, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1017
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the safety, tolerability and outcome of early oral feeding vs. traditional feeding in patients undergoing elective open bowel surgery. Methods: A total of 120 consecutive patients who underwent elective open bowel surgeries were randomized into either early feeding ( n = 60) or traditional feeding group ( n = 60). Patients in the early feeding group were started on oral fluids on post-operative day 1, while those in the traditional feeding group were started orals after the resolution of ileus. Patient characteristics, surgical procedures, co-morbidity, first flatus, first defecation, time of starting solid diet, complications and length of hospitalization were assessed between the two groups. Results: The two groups were similar in demographic and baseline data. The number of days to first flatus ( p < 0.0001), first defecation ( p < 0.0001), length of post-operative stay ( p = 0.011) and time of starting solid diet ( p < 0.0001) were significantly earlier in the early feeding group. Anastomotic leak, wound infection, fever, vomiting, abdominal distention and other complications were similar. Multivariate analysis showed that patients in the early oral feeding group were discharged 3.4 days earlier ( p = 0.037). Conclusion: In patients undergoing elective open bowel surgeries, early post-operative feeding is safe, is well tolerated and reduces the length of hospitalization.
ACCESSION #
95905614

 

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