Treiman, Donald J.; McKeever, Matthew; Fodor, Eva
February 1996
Demography;Feb96, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p111
Academic Journal
The article presents a study that compares the occupational status and income in South Africa in 1980 and 1991 among whites, Asians, colored and blacks. To address this question, it analyzes the racial and ethnic differences in occupational status and income, using data from public use samples of the 1980 and 1991 South African Censuses. The two central interests of this analysis were: one, to determine the extent to which racial differences in occupational status and income in South Africa in 1980 and in 1991 can be attributed to racial differences in the personal attributes or assets that determine socioeconomic outcomes in all societies; and two, to assess the nature of changes in the determinants of occupational status and income between 1980 and 1991. In the study, whites are found to have much higher occupational status, and especially income, than members of other racial groups. Most of the racial differentials in occupational status can be explained by racial differences in the personal assets that determine occupational attainment, but only a much smaller fraction of the White or non-White income differential can be so explained. The findings suggest that despite a modest reduction between 1980 and 1991 in the role of race in socioeconomic attainment, the overall picture shows more stability than change.


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