TITLE

Continuity and Change in Women's Occupations Following First Childbirth

AUTHOR(S)
Stier, Haya
PUB. DATE
March 1996
SOURCE
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press);Mar96, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p60
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article focuses on the effects of parenthood on women's occupational choice. It examines the effect of occupational characteristics on the likelihood of returning to the labor force after giving birth, and remaining in same occupation. The employment pattern of women along their life cycle is highly affected by motherhood. Childcare responsibilities induce mothers to reduce the amount of time spent in paid employment or to withdraw form the labor market altogether. It is based on a sample of young Israeli mothers. Using multinomial logistic regression, the article analyzes the likelihood of mothers to interrupt employment, change occupation, or return to same position following the birth of child. All working mothers in Israel receive a three-month fully paid maternity leave. Employers are obligated to remain the job women held prior to the child's birth. Women can extend their maternity leave for up to a year although they are not paid for more than three months. Findings indicate that women employed in female-type occupation are more likely to resume market activity and less likely to change their occupations. It suggests that the organization of work within occupations affects women's employment decisions. Female-type occupations, which offer relatively high prestige and convenient working hours, attract women to he labor force.
ACCESSION #
9607021377

 

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