Continuity and Change in Women's Occupations Following First Childbirth

Stier, Haya
March 1996
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press);Mar96, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p60
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the effects of parenthood on women's occupational choice. It examines the effect of occupational characteristics on the likelihood of returning to the labor force after giving birth, and remaining in same occupation. The employment pattern of women along their life cycle is highly affected by motherhood. Childcare responsibilities induce mothers to reduce the amount of time spent in paid employment or to withdraw form the labor market altogether. It is based on a sample of young Israeli mothers. Using multinomial logistic regression, the article analyzes the likelihood of mothers to interrupt employment, change occupation, or return to same position following the birth of child. All working mothers in Israel receive a three-month fully paid maternity leave. Employers are obligated to remain the job women held prior to the child's birth. Women can extend their maternity leave for up to a year although they are not paid for more than three months. Findings indicate that women employed in female-type occupation are more likely to resume market activity and less likely to change their occupations. It suggests that the organization of work within occupations affects women's employment decisions. Female-type occupations, which offer relatively high prestige and convenient working hours, attract women to he labor force.


Related Articles

  • Panel estimates of the wage penalty for maternal leave. Buligescu, Bianca; De Crombrugghe, Denis; Menteşoğlu, Gülçin; Montizaan, Raymond // Oxford Economic Papers;Apr2009, Vol. 61 Issue S1, pi35 

    The focus of this paper is the size of the wage penalty due to maternal leave incurred by working mothers in Germany. Existing estimates suggest large penalties with little rebound over time. We apply recent panel data methods designed to address problems of sample selectivity, unobserved...

  • POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS PARA LA MUJER EN COLOMBIA: LA DOBLE CONDICIÓN DE MADRE Y TRABAJADORA EN LA LEGISLACIÓN DEL SIGLO XX. Pérez y. Soto Domínguez, Alejandro; Cortés Gallego, Mónica María // Revista Entramado;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p72 

    This article is the preliminary result of an ongoing research study titled "Mercantile order: epistemological and institutional components", which is a qualitative study whose purpose is to provide a closer understanding of the policies of integration of women into the labor market. Although...

  • Fear Factor. Cottle, Michelle // New Republic;12/22/2003, Vol. 229 Issue 25, p38 

    The author comments on the humbling process of discovering precisely how human you are. Most days, you like to think you've got it more together than these folks. Then, every now and again, something happens to remind you just how deluded you are. While my son seems to be smoothly navigating the...

  • Infringements on the Labor Rights of Women Workers: Causes and Countermeasures. Ling, He // Chinese Sociology & Anthropology;Winter1997/1998, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p64 

    The article focuses on causes and countermeasures related to infringements on the labor rights of women workers. Transformation of the economic system has, without a doubt, provided the conditions and means for women to give full play to their personal worth and win greater independence and...

  • Going back to work may not be child's play. Dunseatli, Lucinda // Travel Trade Gazette UK & Ireland;9/11/2009, Issue 2880, p36 

    The article discusses the means by which new mothers and their employers can harmonize the return to work. It mentions that most women who went back to work after a maternity leave opt for a flexible or part-time to have more time at home. It explores the pointers on how to return to work...

  • Most female workers return to flexible roles after maternity leave. Paterson, Jennifer // Employee Benefits;8/6/2013, p5 

    The article reports that according to research by recruitment consultancy Robert Half, majority of female employees following maternity leave return to part-time or flexible-working roles. About three-quarters of respondents have a flexible-working policy in place, while 13% are planning to put...

  • Taking Leave: Working Motherhood and the Politics of Time.  // Off Our Backs;Jan/Feb2002, Vol. 32 Issue 1/2, p17 

    Presents insights on motherhood and employment. Inadequacy of the maternity leave provided by employers; Perception of working women with children; Citation of several discriminatory actions against working women.

  • Keeping mum. Sparrow, Stephanie // Training & Coaching Today;Nov/Dec2008, p18 

    The article focuses on maternity coaching, a coaching approach intended to prevent mothers from resigning from their jobs after returning from maternity leave. The length and style of maternity coaching varies between providers, but it usually takes the form of a series of face-to-face...

  • stay in the game. O'Connor, Gail // Fit Pregnancy;Jun/Jul2006, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p66 

    The article offers some guidelines to new mothers who want to go back to work after giving birth. In the early months of new motherhood, mothers may lack the energy or even interest to follow developments in their field. They should subscribe to an electronic newsletter or any professional...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics