The Common Core State Standards in American Public Education: Historical Underpinnings and Justifications

Wallender, Jennifer
June 2014
Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin;Summer2014, Vol. 80 Issue 4, p7
Academic Journal
The majority of the United States have adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in English Language Arts and Mathematics. Although standards are not new to the states, the CCSS initiative entails numerous changes in philosophy, curriculum, instruction, assessment, and many other areas. Understanding the justifications of the CCSS, including initiatives and legislative foundations and catalysts, is important for all educational stakeholders--and especially DKG members. In this article, the author reviews literature to synthesize four major early initiative and CCSS justifications: creating common educational standards, preparing students for college, stressing quality education for all students, and increasing rigor in schools. She analyzes past initiatives and legislation, as well as the current CCSS initiative, to show how these four justifications, alone and in various combinations, have impacted public education. She concludes that the CCSS initiative is the culmination of all four justifications.


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