TITLE

Expression and evaluation of enzymes required for the hydrolysis of galactomannan

AUTHOR(S)
Malherbe, A.; Rose, S.; Viljoen-Bloom, M.; Zyl, W.
PUB. DATE
August 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology;Aug2014, Vol. 41 Issue 8, p1201
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The cost-effective production of bioethanol from lignocellulose requires the complete conversion of plant biomass, which contains up to 30 % mannan. To ensure utilisation of galactomannan during consolidated bioprocessing, heterologous production of mannan-degrading enzymes in fungal hosts was explored. The Aspergillus aculeatus endo-β-mannanase ( Man1) and Talaromyces emersonii α-galactosidase ( Agal) genes were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y294, and the Aspergillus niger β-mannosidase ( cMndA) and synthetic Cellvibrio mixtus β-mannosidase ( Man5A) genes in A. niger. Maximum enzyme activity for Man1 (374 nkat ml, pH 5.47), Agal (135 nkat ml, pH 2.37), cMndA (12 nkat ml, pH 3.40) and Man5A (8 nkat ml, pH 3.40) was observed between 60 and 70 °C. Co-expression of the Man1 and Agal genes in S. cerevisiae Y294[Agal-Man1] reduced the extracellular activity relative to individual expression of the respective genes. However, the combined action of crude Man1, Agal and Man5A enzyme preparations significantly decreased the viscosity of galactomannan in locust bean gum, confirming hydrolysis thereof. Furthermore, when complemented with exogenous Man5A, S. cerevisiae Y294[Agal-Man1] produced 56 % of the theoretical ethanol yield, corresponding to a 66 % carbohydrate conversion, on 5 g l mannose and 10 g l locust bean gum.
ACCESSION #
96985045

 

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