TITLE

Myopia in secondary school students in Mwanza City, Tanzania: the need for a national screening programme

AUTHOR(S)
Wedner, S.H.; Ross, D.A.; Todd, J.; Anemona, A.; Balira, R.; Foster, A.
PUB. DATE
November 2002
SOURCE
British Journal of Ophthalmology;Nov2002, Vol. 86 Issue 11, p1200
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background/aims: The prevalence of significant refractive errors and other eye diseases was measured in 2511 secondary school students aged 11-27 years in Mwanza City, Tanzania. Risk factors for myopia were explored. Methods: A questionnaire assessed the students' socioeconomic background and exposure to near work followed by visual acuity assessment and a full eye examination. Non-cycloplegic objective and subjective refraction was done on all participants with visual acuity of worse than 6/12 in either eye without an obvious cause. Results: 154 (6.1%) students had significant refractive errors. Myopia was the leading refractive error (5.6%). Amblyopia (0.4%), strabismus (0.2%), and other treatable eye disorders were uncommon. Only 30.3% of students with significant refractive errors wore spectacles before the survey. Age, sex, ethnicity, father's educational status, and a family history of siblings with spectacles were significant independent risk factors for myopia. Conclusion: The prevalence of uncorrected significant refractive errors is high enough to justify a regular school eye screening programme in secondary schools in Tanzania. Risk factors for myopia are similar to those reported in European, North-American, and Asian populations.
ACCESSION #
9704818

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalence of Hypertension among High School Students in a Middle Anatolian Province of Turkey. Nur, Naim; Çetinkaya, Selma; Yilmaz, Abdülkerim; Ayvaz, Adnan; Bulut, Mustafa Orhan; Sümer, Haldun // Journal of Health, Population & Nutrition;Jun2008, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p88 

    Hypertension may lead to irreversible damages in vital organs, such as heart, brain, and kidney, and may cause death in children if treatments are not given despite early diagnosis. This cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted during 1 January--31 March 2004 to investigate the...

  • A cross-sectional study of risk factors and hypertension among adolescent Senior High School students. Amponsem-Boateng, Cecilia; Zhang, Weidong; Oppong, Timothy Bonney; Opolot, Godfrey; Kyere, Emmanuel Kumi Duodu // Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome & Obesity: Targets & Therapy;Jul2019, Vol. 12, p1173 

    Introduction: Hypertension is among the first five causes of mortality, globally contributing more than 40% to cardiac related deaths worldwide, with almost 70% cardiovascular deaths in the low- and middle-income countries. Its burden is projected to be 150 million by 2025 based on...

  • Prevalence and Associated Factors of Myopia in High-School Students in Beijing. Wu, Li Juan; You, Qi Sheng; Duan, Jia Li; Luo, Yan Xia; Liu, Li Juan; Li, Xia; Gao, Qi; Zhu, Hui Ping; He, Yan; Xu, Liang; Jonas, Jost B; Wang, Wei; Guo, Xiu Hua // PLoS ONE;Mar2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1 

    Purpose: To evaluate prevalence and associated factors for myopia in high school students in Beijing. Methods: Grade 10 and 11 high school students were randomly selected from nine randomly selected districts of Beijing. The students underwent non-cylcoplegic auto-refractometry and an...

  • Factors Associated with AIDS Risk Behaviors among High School Students in an AIDS Epicenter. Walter, Health J.; Vaughan, Roger D.; Gladis, Madeline M.; Ragin, Deborah Fish; Kasen, Stephanie; Cohall, Alwyn T. // American Journal of Public Health;Apr92, Vol. 82 Issue 4, p528 

    Background. A greater understanding of the determinants of risky behaviors is an essential precursor to the development of successful AIDS prevention programs for adolescents. Methods. A survey measuring AIDS-related behaviors, beliefs, and knowledge was administered to a sample of 531...

  • Differences in personal and lifestyle characteristics among Zimbabwean high school adolescents with and without recurrent non-specific low back pain: a two part cross-sectional study. Chiwaridzo, Matthew; Naidoo, Nirmala // Archives of Physiotherapy;12/1/2015, Vol. 5, p1 

    Background: Recurrent non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) is increasingly becoming common among adolescents worldwide. A recent study in Zimbabwe showed a relatively high prevalence (28.8 %) among high school students. Influential associated factors, however, remain unclear. This is a significant...

  • Prevalence of and Factors Related to Depression in High School Students. Eskın, Mehmet; Ertekın, Kamil; Harlak, Hacer; Dereboy, Çiğdem // Turkish Journal of Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p1 

    Objective: The study aimed at investigating the prevalence of and factors related to depression in high school students. Method: A total of 805 (n = 367 girls; n = 438 boys) first year students from three high schools in the city of Aydin filled in a self-report questionnaire that contained...

  • Shortsightedness: A Review of Causes and Interventions. Walling, Anne D. // American Family Physician;9/15/2002, Vol. 66 Issue 6, p1073 

    Provides information on myopia or shortsightedness. Features of myopia; Causes and risk factors of myopia; Treatment of myopia.

  • Breakfast and Diabetes.  // Pediatrics for Parents;2007, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p1 

    The article studies the relationship between breakfast and diabetes by researchers in Santa Barbara, California. The study found out that high school students skipping breakfast are twice as likely to become obese adults than those who eat breakfast regularly. The researchers assert that this...

  • The effects of a comprehensive community trial on cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents: Isfahan healthy heart program. Kelishadi, Roya; Mohammadifard, Noushin; Sarrazadegan, Nizal; Nouri, Fatemeh; Pashmi, Rezvan; Bahonar, Ahmad; Heidari, Hossein; Asgary, Sedigheh; Boshtam, Maryam; Mardani, Alireza // ARYA Atherosclerosis;Winter2012, Vol. 7 Issue 4, Special section p1 

    BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the effects of a 6-year-long community-participatory program including school-based interventions on mean values and prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among adolescents. METHODS: The interventions of this community trial, conducted from 2000 to...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics