Increased Condom Use Without Other Major Changes in Sexual Behavior among the General Population

Dubois-Arber, Françoise; Jeannin, André; Konings, Elke; Paccaud, Fred
April 1997
American Journal of Public Health;Apr97, Vol. 87 Issue 4, p558
Academic Journal
Objectives. This study is part of a continuous evaluation of the Swiss AIDS prevention strategy from 1987 through 1994. Methods. Annual telephone surveys of samples representative of the general population aged 17 through 45 years have been conducted since 1987 to monitor behavioral change. Results. No major changes in level of sexual activity (lifetime number of partners, frequency of sexual encounters in the past week) or potential exposure to risk of HIV transmission (acquisition of a new steady partner during the year or of casual partners in the last 6 months) were observed. Systematic condom use with a new steady partner increased between 1988 and 1994, from 40% to 64% among 17- to 30-year-olds and from 57% to 72% among those aged 31 to 45. Systematic condom use with casual partners increased from 8% to 56% between 1987 and 1994 among 17- to 30-year-olds and from 22% to 42% between 1989 and 1994 among those aged 31 to 45. Condom use was higher among those with multiple partners. Conclusions. A general-population approach to AIDS prevention was able to achieve large-scale improvements in condom-based protection against HIV infection without inducing other major changes in sexual behavior.


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