Antibody Testing and Condom Use among Heterosexual African Americans at Risk for HIV Infection: The National AIDS Behavioral Surveys

Grinstead, Olga A.; Peterson, John L.; Faigeles, Bonnie; Catania, Joseph A.
May 1997
American Journal of Public Health;May97, Vol. 87 Issue 5, p857
Academic Journal
Objectives. This study describes predictors of condom use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing in a population-based sample of African-American heterosexuals who reported HIV risk behavior. Methods. Data were taken from the National AIDS Behavioral Surveys. Results. Of the African-American respondents, 22% reported some risk for HIV infection; of those, 24% had been tested for HIV. Conclusions. Prevention messages encouraging HIV testing and condom use have not resulted in high rates of self-protective behavior among African Americans. Future prevention interventions must focus on specific motivations and barriers with regard to engaging in preventive behavior among specific age, gender, and educational-level groups within the population of African Americans at risk for HIV infection.


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