TITLE

BIOMASS AS A DRIVING FORCE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT - MISCANTHUS BEST PRACTICES

AUTHOR(S)
DRAŽIĆ, Gordana; MILOVANOVIĆ, Jelena; ARANĐELOVIĆ, Mirjana
PUB. DATE
June 2014
SOURCE
Agriculture & Forestry / Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo;2014, Vol. 60 Issue 2, p115
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In most countries, valorisation of biomass as a renewable energy is related to the traditional sources such as woody biomass and agricultural residues. Nevertheless, perennial grasses can often produce higher yield of biomass than forest trees, while existing mechanization of forest management units are at disposal. Perennial grasses require only one cultivation activity, preparation for planting, and low nitrogen inputs during 10-20 years of cultivation. Poor rural population reliance on the functions of biomass production is rarely measured and is usually not included in valorization of total household potentials for entrepreneurship, which further leads to development of inappropriate strategies that do not appreciate the role of environmental protection in combating the poverty. Miscanthus giganteus is a highly productive plant species, which has been cultivated in Europe for 20 years as energy crop. The remarkable adaptability of Miscanthus to different environments makes this novel crop suitable for establishment and distribution under a range of European and North American climatic conditions. It produces no seed and its plantations should be established using vegetative method of planting divided rhizome pieces, so there is no threat of natural ecosystems contamination by uncontrolled spreading of this allochthonous species. This paper shortly reviews the role of perennial herbaceous crops in meeting the need for sustainable land use and development. Research results from field sample plots of Miscanthus, including biomass production potential and heat capacity, are explained with the aim of closer recognition of environmental contribution and influences and energy efficiency of this energy crop.
ACCESSION #
97094157

 

Related Articles

  • Natural variation and genetic analysis of the tiller angle gene MsTAC1 in Miscanthus sinensis. Zhao, Hua; Huai, Zexun; Xiao, Yingjie; Wang, Xiaohua; Yu, Jiangyan; Ding, Guangda; Peng, Junhua // Planta;Jul2014, Vol. 240 Issue 1, p161 

    Biomass yield is an important target trait in Miscanthus breeding for desirable energy crops. Tiller angle is a key trait of plant architecture because it determines planting density and further influences biomass yield through affecting photosynthesis efficiency. TAC1, a major gene involved in...

  • Can the Results of Biodiversity-Ecosystem Productivity Studies Be Translated to Bioenergy Production? Dickson, Timothy L.; Gross, Katherine L. // PLoS ONE;9/11/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    Biodiversity experiments show that increases in plant diversity can lead to greater biomass production, and some researchers suggest that high diversity plantings should be used for bioenergy production. However, many methods used in past biodiversity experiments are impractical for bioenergy...

  • Light Response of Native Miscanthus sinensis and Introduced Seedlings. Matlaga, David P.; Quinn, Lauren D.; Davis, Adam S.; Stewart, J. Ryan // Invasive Plant Science & Management;Jul-Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p363 

    The Asian grass Miscanthus sinensis (Poaceae) is being considered for use as a bioenergy crop in the U.S. Corn Belt. Originally introduced to the United States for ornamental plantings, it escaped, forming invasive populations. The concern is that naturalized M. sinensis populations have evolved...

  • Agronomic and physiological performances of different species of Miscanthus, a major energy crop. A review. Zub, H.W.; Brancourt-Hulmel, M. // Agronomy for Sustainable Development (EDP Sciences);Apr2010, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p201 

    The European Union recommends the use of lignocellulosic biomass to produce biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Miscanthus × giganteus, aC4 perennial and rhizomatous plant, has been identified as a good candidate for biomass production because of its high potential yield,...

  • As Biofuel, Miscanthus Uses Less Land Than Corn.  // Hay & Forage Grower (Penton Media, Inc.);Aug2008, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p35 

    The article focuses on the study led by crop scientist Stephen Long on the use of miscanthus as a biofuel source. Long said that on the use of miscanthus, the amount of biomass generated each year would allow to produce about two and a half times the amount of ethanol can produce per acre of...

  • EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF MISCANTHUS PLANTING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS BY MEANS OF UPGRADED POTATO PLANTER. Adamchuk, V.; Bulgakov, V.; Ivanovs, S.; Prysyazhnyi, V.; Borys, A. // INMATEH - Agricultural Engineering;Jan-Mar2019, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p173 

    Miscanthus is a promising energy crop. There are no inexpensive and efficient planting machines in practice as yet for planting on small areas up to 10-20 hectares. In order to plant the Miscanthus rhizomes on such areas, it is appropriate to use potato planters equipped with special replaceable...

  • Research shows lower nitrogen losses with perennial bio fuel crops.  // High Plains Journal;2/11/2013, Vol. 131 Issue 6, p3-A 

    The article informs that perennial biofuel crops such as miscanthus have another beneficial characteristic ability to reduce the escape of nitrogen in the environment part from production of ethanol from corn.

  • Aboveground plant biomass, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics before and after burning in a seminatural grassland of Miscanthus sinensis in Kumamoto, Japan. TOMA, YO; FERNÁNDEZ, FABIÁN G.; NISHIWAKI, AYA; YAMADA, TOSHIHIKO; BOLLERO, GERMÁN; STEWART, J. RYAN // GCB Bioenergy;Apr2010, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p52 

    Although fire has been used for several thousand years to maintain Miscanthus sinensis grasslands in Japan, there is little information about the nutrient dynamics in these ecosystems immediately after burning. We investigated the loss of aboveground biomass; carbon (C) and nitrogen (N)...

  • The potential of C4 grasses for cellulosic biofuel production. van der Weijde, Tim; Alvim Kamei, Claire Lessa; Torres, Andres F.; Vermerris, Wilfred; Dolstra, Oene; Visser, Richard G. F.; Trindade, Luisa M. // Frontiers in Plant Science;Apr2013, Vol. 4, p1 

    With the advent of biorefinery technologies enabling plant biomass to be processed into biofuel, many researchers set out to study and improve candidate biomass crops. Many of these candidates are C4 grasses, characterized by a high productivity and resource use efficiency. In this review the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics