TITLE

Gaza Strip

PUB. DATE
November 2018
SOURCE
Background Information Summaries;11/5/2018, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Encyclopedia
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The Gaza Strip is a 17-mile segment of the Mediterranean coast populated by 1.8 million Palestinians. Gaza has been a hotspot for crisis since it was taken over by Hamas, a listed terrorist organization whose charter calls for the destruction of Israel. Israel took the Gaza Strip in the Six Day War of 1967. It withdrew in 2005, leaving the Palestinian Authority (PA) to govern the area. However, the PA soon fractured, as its dominant party, Fatah, lost the elections of 2006 to Hamas. Street fighting broke out between the two factions in Gaza. Fatah retained control of the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank, but Hamas controlled Gaza. The Hamas government allowed militants to launch rocket attacks into Israel, provoking a series of retaliations over the years: in 2008, 2012, and 2014. A blockade imposed by Israel disabled the economy in the Gaza Strip, leaving much of the population dependent on international aid. The blockade also occasioned another crisis -- a lethal confrontation between international protesters and Israeli commandos in 2010. Public support for Hamas weakened in Gaza after years of economic hardship, but the group may have regained its stature as fighting ended in 2014 with a truce agreement to loosen Israel's blockade.
ACCESSION #
98028769

 

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