Measuring Food and Nutrition Security: Tools and Considerations for Use Among People Living with HIV

Fielden, Sarah; Anema, Aranka; Fergusson, Pamela; Muldoon, Katherine; Grede, Nils; Pee, Saskia
October 2014
AIDS & Behavior;Oct2014 Supplement, Vol. 18, p490
Academic Journal
As an increasing number of countries implement integrated food and nutrition security (FNS) and HIV programs, global stakeholders need clarity on how to best measure FNS at the individual and household level. This paper reviews prominent FNS measurement tools, and describes considerations for interpretation in the context of HIV. There exist a range of FNS measurement tools and many have been adapted for use in HIV-endemic settings. Considerations in selecting appropriate tools include sub-types (food sufficiency, dietary diversity and food safety); scope/level of application; and available resources. Tools need to reflect both the needs of PLHIV and affected households and FNS program objectives. Generalized food sufficiency and dietary diversity tools may provide adequate measures of FNS in PLHIV for programmatic applications. Food consumption measurement tools provide further data for clinical or research applications. Measurement of food safety is an important, but underdeveloped aspect of assessment, especially for PLHIV.


Related Articles

  • ORAL ABSTRACTS.  // Journal of the International AIDS Society;2014 Supplement 3, Vol. 17 Issue Supp 3, p439 

    The article presents abstracts on HIV drug therapy including curing HIV, normalisation of CD4/CD8 ratio with antiretroviral therapy in HIV infection and determinants of IL-6 levels during the HIV infection.

  • CD4+ T Follicular Helper and IgA+ B Cell Numbers in Gut Biopsies from HIV-Infected Subjects on Antiretroviral Therapy Are Similar to HIV-Uninfected Individuals. Zaunders, John; Danta, Mark; Bailey, Michelle; Mak, Gerald; Marks, Katherine; Seddiki, Nabila; Yin Xu; Templeton, David J.; Cooper, David A.; Boyd, Mark A.; Kelleher, Anthony D.; Koelsch, Kersten K. // Frontiers in Immunology;10/24/2016, Vol. 7, p1 

    Background: Disruption of gastrointestinal tract epithelial and immune barriers contribute to microbial translocation, systemic inflammation, and progression of HIV-1 infection. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) may lead to reconstitution of CD4+ T cells in gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), but...

  • HIV treatment prevents transmission of HIV.  // Africa Health;May2011, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p11 

    The article discusses the report from the US National Institutes of Health which found that an effective antiretroviral therapy regimen for HIV-positive person could prevent the risk of transmitting the virus to their uninfected sexual partner.

  • Detection of immunological treatment failure among HIV infected patients in Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study. Teshome, Wondu; Tefera, Ambachew // BMC Immunology;9/17/2015, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Timely detection of treatment failure with subsequent switch to second-line regimen reduces mortality among HIV infected people on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This paper aims to investigate the detection of immunological treatment failure and switch rate to second line regimen in...

  • Ultrasound measurements of carotid intima-media thickness and plaque in HIV-infected patients on the Mediterranean diet. Višković, Klaudija; Rutherford, George W.; Sudario, Gabriel; Stemberger, Lorna; Brnić, Zoran; Begovac, Josip // Croatian Medical Journal;Aug2013, Vol. 54 Issue 4, p330 

    Aim To evaluate the influence of food habits, specifically adherence to the Mediterranean diet, on carotid intimamedia thickness (CIMT) and the presence of plaques in HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) and non-HIV-infected participants and to determine if HIV infection...

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma in HIV Positive Patients. Mounier, Nicolas; Spina, Michele; Spano, Jean P. // Current HIV Research;Mar2010, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p141 

    Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) represents one of the most common types of a non-AIDS-defining tumour that occurs in the HIV population, and its incidence is increasing in the post Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy (HAART) era. Despite the aggressiveness of that disease, the outcome of patients with...

  • Antiretroviral Treatment Breaks Limit CD4 Count Gains and Raise Death Risk.  // HIV Treatment ALERTS!;Mar2011, p3 

    The article presents a study on the effect of antiretroviral therapy on HIV patients in Switzerland. It shows that there are fewer CD4 cells in patients who interrupted their antiretroviral therapy and they have an increased risk of death and new AIDS diseases. According to the study, the risk...

  • Transmission of HIV-1 infection due to a fist fight. Emerson, C. R.; Quah, S. P. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Feb2008, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p131 

    We report a case of HIV-1 infection transmission caused by a fist fight between brothers. A 30-year-old Caucasian UK resident man developed 'flu-like illness with symptoms of lethargy and weakness. Persistent lymphadenopathy six months later lead to HIV antibody testing, which was positive. Of...

  • Sexual risk behaviour and HAART: a comparative study of HIV-infected persons on HAART and on preventive therapy in Kenya. Sarna, A.; Luchters, S. M. F.; Geibel, S.; Kaai, S.; Munyao, P.; Shikely, K. S.; Mandaliya, K.; van Dammd, J.; Temmerman, M. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Feb2008, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p85 

    Unprotected sex (UPS) among persons receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) remains a concern because of the risk of HIV-transmission. A cross-sectional study comparing the sexual risk behaviour of 179 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) receiving HAART with that of 143 PLHA...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics