TITLE

Habitat Differences Influence Genetic Impacts of Human Land Use on the American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)

AUTHOR(S)
Lumibao, Candice Y.; McLachlan, Jason S.
PUB. DATE
November 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Heredity;Nov/Dec2014, Vol. 105 Issue 6, p793
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Natural reforestation after regional forest clearance is a globally common land-use sequence. The genetic recovery of tree populations in these recolonized forests may depend on the biogeographic setting of the landscape, for instance whether they are in the core or in the marginal part of the species’ range. Using data from 501 individuals genotyped across 7 microsatellites, we investigated whether regional differences in habitat quality affected the recovery of genetic variation in a wind-pollinated tree species, American beech (Fagus grandifolia) in Massachusetts. We compared populations in forests that were recolonized following agricultural abandonment to those in remnant forests that have only been logged in both central inland and marginal coastal regions. Across all populations in our entire study region, recolonized forests showed limited reduction of genetic diversity as only observed heterozygosity was significantly reduced in these forests (HO = 0.520 and 0.590, respectively). Within inland region, this pattern was observed, whereas in the coast, recolonized populations exhibited no reduction in all genetic diversity estimates. However, genetic differentiation among recolonized populations in marginal coastal habitat increased (Fst logged = 0.072; Fst secondary = 0.249), with populations showing strong genetic structure, in contrast to inland region. These results indicate that the magnitude of recovery of genetic variation in recolonized populations can vary at different habitats.
ACCESSION #
99016205

 

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