Emotional attentional capture in children with conduct problems: the role of callous-unemotional traits

Hodsoll, Sara; Lavie, Nilli; Viding, Essi
August 2014
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience;Aug2014, Vol. 8, p1
Academic Journal
Objective: Appropriate reactivity to emotional facial expressions, even if these are seen whilst we are engaged in another activity, is critical for successful social interaction. Children with conduct problems (CP) and high levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits are characterized by blunted reactivity to other people's emotions, while children with CP and low levels of CU traits can over-react to perceived emotional threat. No study to date has compared children with CP and high vs. low levels of CU traits to typically developing (TD) children or each other, using a task that assesses attentional capture by irrelevant emotional faces. Method: All participants performed an attentional capture task in which they were asked to judge the orientation of a single male face that was displayed simultaneously with two female faces. Three types of trials were presented, trials with all neutral faces, trials with an emotional distractor face and trials with an emotional target face. Fifteen boys with CP and high levels of CU traits, 17 boys with CP and low levels of CU traits and 17 age and ability matched TD boys were included in the final study sample. Results: Compared to TD children and children with low levels of CU traits, children with CP and high levels of CU traits showed reduced attentional capture by irrelevant emotional faces. Conclusions: This study is the first to demonstrate a different pattern in emotional attentional capture in children with CP depending on their level of CU traits.


Related Articles

  • Facial feedback affects valence judgments of dynamic and static emotional expressions. Hyniewska, Sylwia; Wataru Sato // Frontiers in Psychology;Mar2015, Vol. 6, p1 

    The ability to judge others' emotions is required for the establishment and maintenance of smooth interactions in a community. Several lines of evidence suggest that the attribution of meaning to a face is influenced by the facial actions produced by an observer during the observation of a face....

  • Editorial: Adaptive Hot Cognition: How Emotion Drives Information Processing and Cognition Steers Affective Processing. Kret, Mariska E.; Bocanegra, Bruno R.; Eder, Andreas B. // Frontiers in Psychology;12/6/2016, Vol. 7, p1 

    An introduction is presented which discusses articles within the issue on topics including relationship between emotions and action tendencies, generality of emotional influences on goal-directed action, and control of facial expression based on emotions.

  • Here's Lookin' at You, Kid: On the Instinctive Attractive Effect of Product Faces. Landwehr, Jan R. // GfK-Marketing Intelligence Review;Nov2015, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p27 

    The article discusses the significance of product face design, particularly the effects of using human perception and emotional facial expressions in designing products.

  • The effects of culture and context on perceptions of robotic facial expressions. Bennett, Casey C.; Å abanović, Selma // Interaction Studies;2015, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p272 

    We report two experimental studies of human perceptions of robotic facial expressions while systematically varying context effects and the cultural background of subjects (n = 93). Except for Fear, East Asian and Western subjects were not significantly different in recognition rates, and, while...

  • The Use of Peer-Pairing in Schools to Improve Socialization. Mervis, Bonnie Aaron // Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal;Dec98, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p467 

    Being socially isolated is a painful experience for many children, one that can profoundly affect the development of their self concepts. Peer-pairing is a model of treatment designed to address this problem by promoting social relationships. It offers many of the benefits of more traditional...

  • The Body Action Coding System II: muscle activations during the perception and expression of emotion. Huis In 't Veld, Elisabeth M. J.; van Boxtel, Geert J. M.; de Gelder, Beatrice // Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience;Sep2014, Vol. 8, p1 

    Research into the expression and perception of emotions has mostly focused on facial expressions. Recently, body postures have become increasingly important in research, but knowledge on muscle activity during the perception or expression of emotion is lacking. The current study continues the...

  • Letter from the Editor. ZEICHNER, NAOMI // FADER;Jun/Jul2015, Issue 98, p22 

    An introduction to the journal is presented in which the editor discusses topics on the single theme of different music cover stars about not being unfairly judged including Meek Mill who hopes that the American justice system would not be racist, Kacey Musgrave not wanting to be penalized for...

  • Emotionality and intentionality in bonobo playful communication. Demuru, Elisa; Ferrari, Pier; Palagi, Elisabetta // Animal Cognition;Jan2015, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p333 

    Great apes show very complex systems for communicating emotions and intentions. Whereas gestures are intentional signals, facial expressions can disclose both emotions and intentions. The playful context is a good field to explore the possible dichotomy between intentionally and emotionally...

  • Software that can read a face in the crowd. Lightbody, Kim // Fast Company;Oct2015, Issue 199, p86 

    The article introduces a software, Emotient, developed by San Diego based startup, which can detect minute muscle changes and convert the information into easy to read data to help companies understand their consumers.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics