The Effects of Self-Focus on Mental Growth from Failure: Role of Self-Esteem and Contingencies of Self-Worth

Tomomi NIINOBE; Hiroyuki KONNO
March 2014
Japanese Journal of Personality;2014, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p57
Academic Journal
This study investigated the effect of rumination and reflection on self-esteem, contingencies of self-worth, and mental growth from failure. A questionnaire measuring rumination, reflection, self-esteem, contingencies of self-worth, and growth from failure was completed by 203 university students. Results of covariance structure analysis showed the following. Reflection enhanced mental growth from failure, mediated by a higher level of self-esteem. Rumination reduced mental growth from failure, mediated by a lower level of self-esteem. Rumination enhanced mental growth from failure, mediated by a higher level of contingencies of self-worth.


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