Hawkwood, John

Caferro, William
January 1996
Reader's Companion to Military History;1996, p202
English Soldier of Fortune John Hawkwood became the most famous mercenary captain of his day. His military career began in France in the Hundred Years' War, but it was in Italy that he made his reputation. Hawkwood fought at the head of numerous mercenary companies, serving such masters as Milan, the Pope, and Florence. Using military tactics developed by the English in the Hundred Years' War, Hawkwood gained impressive military victories. Between wars, he led companies on raids, extorting large sums of money from communities. His enduring fame rests as much on his military success as on his reputation as the one honest, reliable soldier among a treacherous lot--a reputation gained by his refusal to accept a Florentine bribe while employed by rival Pisa. Indeed, when Hawkwood died, the Florentines granted him the honor to be buried in the cathedral


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