Murray, Williamson
January 1996
Reader's Companion to Military History;1996, p339
Book Chapter
From the earliest days of Western civilization, the offensive--the attack--has lain at the heart of the Western way of war. Certainly, in the Middle Ages the tactical offensive was almost mandatory for medieval European armies, based as they were on the shock action of heavy, armored cavalry. To win, knights had to charge. But the equation began to change with the introduction of missile weapons. The German fixation with the offensive in ground war resulted in the creation of blitzkrieg tactics and operations that eventually led to the conquest of much of Europe by 1941.


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