OFFICIAL NAME: The Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan

December 2003
Background Notes on Countries of the World 2003;Dec2003 Afghanistan, p1
Country Report
Country Report
This article presents information regarding the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan. Afghanistan, often called the crossroads of Central Asia, has had a turbulent history. In 328 BC, Alexander the Great entered the territory of present-day Afghanistan, then part of the Persian Empire, to capture Bactria. The Soviet Union moved quickly to take advantage of the April 1978 coup. In December 1978, Moscow signed a new bilateral treaty of friendship and cooperation with Afghanistan, and the Soviet military assistance program increased significantly. In reaction to the anarchy and warlordism prevalent in the country, and the lack of Pashtun representation in the Kabul government, a movement of former mujahidin arose.


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