TITLE

Energy and Ecosystems

AUTHOR(S)
Beardsley, Timothy M.
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
BioScience;Jun2005, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p467
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Editorial
ABSTRACT
The article focuses on a debate regarding the opening up of the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in the U.S. for oil and gas development. The release in March of the synthesis report of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) may come to be seen as a turning point for common wisdom about the earth's life-support mechanisms. Most of the ecosystems evaluated are being degraded by human activity and the damage makes more likely droughts, diseases, and famines that could impoverish or kill millions. Fisheries and water supplies are already faltering. People in poor countries will, as usual, suffer most. The MEA board warned that pressure on ecosystems will grow in coming decades unless policies change. Right on cue, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a month later a far-ranging energy bill that would increase pressure on one pristine ecosystem by opening up the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas development. A Senate fight is likely, but hope that the rigs can be kept out of Area 1002, the part of the coastal plain where caribou most often go to calve, seems to be fading. Drilling opponents point out that the refuge's fossil fuel resources will most likely provide only 1 percent of U.S. energy needs over their expected 50-year lifetime. Yet, drilling advocates argue, preservation of fauna in unsullied landscapes and the cultural preferences of a few thousand Eskimo and Native Americans cannot compromise energy security. The MEA makes clear how crucial the choices are, but it is only a beginning. Assessment of ecosystems, many now changing rapidly in a way that could threaten large fractions of the earth's population, will have to be a never-ending effort. The effort is essential if politicians are to be given reliable information they can use to argue for sound policies.
ACCESSION #
17164586

 

Related Articles

  • ConocoPhillips Ends ANWR Lobbying.  // Solar Today;Mar/Apr2005, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p22 

    Reports on the decision of ConocoPhillips to drop out of Arctic Power, the lobbying group that promotes opening the coastal plain of Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas drilling.

  • Alaska pushes for drilling in huge wildlife refuge.  // TCE: The Chemical Engineer;Jun2013, Issue 864, p15 

    The article reports on the Alaskan state government's consideration of contributing funding towards a modern seismic exploration scheme for oil and gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).

  • U.S. House Passes Production-Oriented Energy Bill.  // American Gas;Jun2005, Vol. 87 Issue 5, p6 

    Reports that the United States House of Representatives has passed an energy bill allowing natural gas and oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. Aim of the bill to bring prices down by increasing natural gas supplies and encouraging energy efficiency; Natural...

  • Bush seeks big boost in biofuels. Kamalick, Joe // ICIS Chemical Business Americas;1/29/2007, Vol. 271 Issue 4, p10 

    The article reports on the goal of U.S. President George W. Bush to increase U.S. ethanol consumption to 35 billion gallons per year by 2017. Such goal is part of a plan to reduce national gasoline consumption by 20% by that year. President Bush also called for increased domestic oil and gas...

  • ANWR Clears Senate Hurdle, Barely.  // Pipeline & Gas Journal;Apr2006, Vol. 233 Issue 4, p8 

    This article reports on the passage of a budget bill that could lead to drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska.

  • House OKs ANWR Drilling, Again. Goode, Darren; Smallen, Jill; Mitchell, Charlie // National Journal;5/27/2006, Vol. 38 Issue 21, p40 

    The article reports on the approval of a legislation that would allow oil drilling at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska by the U.S. House of Representatives on May 25, 2006. House Resources Committee Chairman Richard Pombo asserts on the lack of logical reason to oppose the...

  • President's Column. Albrecht, Jeff // Out of Doors;Mar2005, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p2 

    Comments on various legislation governing wilderness areas in the U.S. Permission of oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska; Approval of the Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota; Call for the support of legislation to designate the four proposed areas of National...

  • Showdown Looms Over Energy Bill. Goode, Darren; Smallen, Jill; Mitchell, Charlie // National Journal;4/23/2005, Vol. 37 Issue 17, p1232 

    Reports on the approval of an energy legislation by the U.S. House on April 31, 2005. Protection from lawsuits involving gasoline additives given under the bill; Inclusion of the permission for oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska in the bill.

  • Budget Cuts Focus of Pre-Holiday Push. Cohn, Peter; Smallen, Jill; Mitchell, Charlie // National Journal;12/17/2005, Vol. 37 Issue 51/53, p3886 

    The article reports on the possible deletion of a provision allowing exploratory drilling for oil and natural gas in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) from the budget reconciliation bill by the Republican leaders in the U.S. Congress. Their aim is to move the ANWR language into the fiscal...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics