TITLE

Thrombus aspiration in late presenters with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: A single-center randomized trial

AUTHOR(S)
Rezq, Ahmed; Saad, Marwan
PUB. DATE
October 2018
SOURCE
Journal of Interventional Cardiology;Oct2018, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p632
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: To examine whether routine thrombus aspiration (TA) is associated with improved myocardial salvage in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) presenting ≥12 h after onset of symptoms.Background: TA is a recognized treatment option in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) especially in the setting of heavy thrombus burden. However, data on the role of TA in STEMI patients presenting late after onset of symptoms are limited.Methods: In this single-center prospective randomized study, patients with subacute STEMI presenting ≥12 and ≤48 h after symptom onset were randomized to primary PCI with or without manual TA in a 1:1 ratio. The primary endpoint was the myocardial salvage index assessed with Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) on admission and 4 days later.Results: A total of 60 patients underwent randomization. Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups. TA was associated with improved myocardial salvage index compared with control group (60.1 ± 11.1% vs 28.1 ± 21.3%; P = <0.001). Furthermore, TA was associated with improved post-procedural TIMI flow (2.9 ± 0.3 vs 2.5 ± 0.6; P = 0.003), myocardial blush grade (2.9 ± 0.3 vs 2.2 ± 0.8, P = <0.001), and reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions (50.4 ± 4.3 mm vs 54.4 ± 5.8 mm, P = 0.004) compared with the control group. Clinical outcomes at 30 days and 6 months were similar between both groups.Conclusions: TA might be associated with improved reperfusion and myocardial salvage especially in STEMI patients presenting after 12 h from symptom onset who are likely to have a heavy thrombus burden.
ACCESSION #
131949719

 

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