In vivo expansion of CD4CD45RO-CD25 T cells expressing foxP3 in IL-2-treated HIV-infected patients

Sereti, Irini; Imamichi, Hiromi; Natarajan, Ven; Imamichi, Tomozumi; Ramchandani, Meena S.; Badralmaa, Yunden; Berg, Steve C.; Metcalf, Julia A.; Hahn, Barbara K.; Shen, Jean M.; Powers, April; Davey, Richard T.; Kovacs, Joseph A.; Shevach, Ethan M.; Lane, H. Clifford
July 2005
Journal of Clinical Investigation;Jul2005, Vol. 115 Issue 7, p1839
Academic Journal
journal article
Administration of IL-2 to HIV-infected patients leads to expansion of a unique subset of CD4CD45ROCD25 cells. In this study, the origin, clonality, and function of these cells were investigated. Analysis of TCR excision circles revealed that the CD4CD45ROCD25 cells were the product of peripheral expansion but remained polyclonal as determined by TCR repertoire analysis. Phenotypically, these cells were distinct from naturally occurring Tregs; they exhibited intermediate features, between those of memory and naive cells, and had lower susceptibility to apoptosis than CD45ROCD25 or memory T cells. Studies of intracellular cytokine production and proliferation revealed that cytokine-expanded naive CD25 cells had low IL-2 production and required costimulation for proliferation. Despite elevated expression of forkhead transcription factor P3 (foxP3), they exerted only weak suppression compared with CD45ROCD25 cells (Tregs). In summary, in vivo IL-2 administration to HIV-infected patients leads to peripheral expansion of a population of long-lived CD4CD45ROCD25 cells that express high levels of foxP3 but exert weak suppressive function. These CD4CD25 cytokine-expanded naive cells, distinct from antigen-triggered cells and Tregs, play a role in the maintenance of a state of low turnover and sustained expansion of the CD4 T cell pool.


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