Transmission of HIV from injecting drug users to their wives in India

Panda, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Bhattacharya, S. K.; Manna, B.; Singh, P. N.; Sarkar, S.; Naik, T. N.; Chakrabarti, S.; Detels, R.
July 2000
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jul2000, Vol. 11 Issue 7, p468
Academic Journal
journal article
We aimed to identify factors associated with transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from injecting drug users (IDUs) to their wives in Manipur, northeast India, where the prevalence of HIV among IDUs is 80% via a case-control study. One hundred and sixty-one HIV-infected IDUs and their wives were recruited from September 1996 to August 1997 inclusive. HIV status was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) plus Western blot, Interviews were administered anonymously. Regression analysis identified factors associated with transmission of HIV from IDU husbands to their non-injecting wives. Seventy-two wives (45%) were HIV-positive. Only 15% of the couples reported regular usage of condoms during intercourse. On multivariate analysis, a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in either member, reported by the husband, estimated duration of HIV in the husband for >8 years, and a history of blood transfusions were associated with infection in the wife. In conclusion, STDs are associated with transmission of HIV from husband to wife. Improved control of STDs, condom promotion, and improved blood screening are urgently needed in Manipur.


Related Articles

  • New report says needle exchanges do not increase IV drug use.  // Nation's Health;Nov95, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p1 

    Reports that the needle-exchange programs in reducing the spread of HIV do not increase intravenous (IV) drug use. September 1995 release of report titled, `Preventing HIV Transmission: The Role of Sterile Needles and Bleach,' by a joint panel; 1993 creation of the panel to investigate the...

  • Heterosexual transmission of HIV in injecting drug users. Ronald, Peter J.M.; Robertson, J.R.; Wyld, R.; Weightman, R. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);11/6/93, Vol. 307 Issue 6913, p1184 

    Investigates the heterosexual transmission of HIV in injecting drug users. Prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users; Reduction of high risk behaviors; Suggestions for the increased awareness of the risks of infection.

  • Clinical features of drug use and drug use related HIV. Brettle, R. P. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;May1996, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p151 

    A variety of important medical problems, both non-infective and infective in nature, are associated with drug use. A number of micro-organisms are associated with the non-sterile nature of injection drug use (IDU) whilst a number of blood borne viruses, including retroviruses such as HIV, are...

  • HIV Infection in Intravenous Drug Users Entering Drug Treatment, United States, 1988 to 1989. Allen, David M.; Onorato, Ida M.; Green, Timothy A. // American Journal of Public Health;Apr92, Vol. 82 Issue 4, p541 

    Background. Intravenous drug use has played a key role in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. Standardized surveillance of HIV infection among intravenous drug user (IVDUs) is needed to determine HIV prevalence, rates, to monitor changes in prevalence rates, to monitor changes in...

  • Using cohort studies to estimate mortality among injecting drug users that is not attributable to AIDS. Degenhardt, L.; Hall, W..; Warner-Smith, M. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Jun2006 Supplement III, Vol. 82, piii56 

    Background: Injecting drug use (IDU) and associated mortality appear to be increasing in many parts of the world. IDU is an important factor in HIV transmission. In estimating AIDS mortality attributable to IDU, it is important to take account of premature mortality rates from other causes to...

  • NEPs remain public health priority despite federal funding ban. Shafer, Emily // Infectious Disease News;Dec2013, Vol. 26 Issue 12, p1 

    The article reports on developments related to needle exchange programs (NEP) as a means of reducing the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among injection drug users in the U.S. as of December 2013.

  • Prevalence of HIV and injecting drug use in men entering Liverpool prison. Bellis, Mark A.; Weild, Andrew R. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);07/05/97, Vol. 315 Issue 7099, p30 

    Examines the potential role of English prisons in drug related transmission of HIV and other bloodborn viruses among prisoners in England. History of injecting drug use before imprisonment; Percentage of newly incarcerated people who continue to inject drugs.

  • Syringe Prescription to Prevent HIV Infection in Rhode Island: A Case Study. Rich, Josiah D.; Macalino, Grace E.; McKenzie, Michelle; Taylor, Lynn E.; Burris, Scott // American Journal of Public Health;May2001, Vol. 91 Issue 5, p699 

    Because of the illicit nature of drug use, a tremendous amount of mistrust and fear on the part of IDUs often leads to poor interaction with the medical establishment. Prescription of syringes by a physician can serve as a tool for reaching out to a high-risk and often out-of-treatment...

  • Global AIDS surveillance.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;12/14/2001, Vol. 76 Issue 50, p390 

    Presents an analysis of the distribution of reported AIDS cases by age and sex and by assumed mode of transmissions. Total number of officially reported AIDS cases; High burden of HIV-related illnesses in many African countries; Decline in cases related to intravenous drug use.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics