Testicular atrophy in 80 HIV-positive patients: a multivariate statistical analysis

Mhawech, Paulette; Onorato, Michelle; Uchida, Tatsuo; Borucki, Michael J.; Mhawech, P; Onorato, M; Uchida, T; Borucki, M J
April 2001
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Apr2001, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p221
Academic Journal
journal article
This retrospective study of risk factors for testicular atrophy in HIV-infected men investigates the relationship between complications of AIDS such as wasting or opportunistic illness and testicular atrophy. Microscopic sections of the right testis were evaluated for testicular atrophy by assessing the mean score in each of 80 selected HIV-infected patients who underwent an autopsy during a one-year period. A significant association was observed between testicular atrophy and body mass index (BMI) (P=0.0496). Thus, underweight patients with HIV infection were 3.52 times more likely to have testicular atrophy than those with acceptable body weight. Other significant associations between other variables were not found.


Related Articles

  • TB/HIV Co-Infection Profile and Impact of RNTCP and NACP Liaison in the Setting of Free Home Based Antiretroviral Therapy in a Rural Tertiary Teaching Hospital in India. Kundu, Susmita; Kanji, Dipankar; Dey, Atin; Ghoshal, A.G.; Mitra, Ritabrata; Misra, Swapnendu // International Medical Journal;Jun2013, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p292 

    Background and Objective: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common opportunistic infection (OI) among patients with HIV infection and causes significant morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to see prevalence and incidence of tuberculosis among patients with HIV on free highly active...

  • Mycobacterium xenopi osteomyelitis in a patient on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Kulasegaram, R.; Richardson, D.; Macrae, B.; de Ruiter, A. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2001, Vol. 12 Issue 6, p404 

    Skeletal infections with atypical mycobacteria are a manifestation of advanced HIV disease, most patients having CD4 counts of less than 100 cells/mm(3). We report a case of Mycobacterium xenopi vertebral osteomyelitis in a patient on HAART with a CD4 count of 490 cells/mm(3) and viral load...

  • Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients: Morphological spectrum with CD4 correlation. Chawhan, Sanjay M.; Bhat, Dharitri M.; Solanke, Seema M. // Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases;Jul-Dec2013, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p89 

    Background: More than 90% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients develop skin lesions at some time throughout the course of the disease. Several skin diseases have proved to be sensitive and useful indicators of progression of HIV infection. Although these conditions may be seen...

  • Epidemiological and Clinical Patterns of Kaposi Sarcoma: A 16-Year Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study from Yaoundé, Cameroon. Tounouga, Dahlia Noëlle; Kouotou, Emmanuel Armand; Nansseu, Jobert Richie; Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Anne-Cécile; Tounouga, Dahlia Noëlle; Kouotou, Emmanuel Armand; Nansseu, Jobert Richie; Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Anne-Cécile // Dermatology (10188665);Nov2018, Vol. 234 Issue 5/6, p198 

    Background: The burden of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is increasing fast among HIV-infected populations, but the disease remains desperately underexplored in Cameroon, where the burden of HIV is high.Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out over a...

  • The oral manifestations of HIV infection. Robinson, P. G. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Nov1997, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p668 

    The article focuses on the oral manifestations associated with HIV infection. Around 60% of people with HIV and 80% of those with AIDS have an oral manifestation of the infection. Oral carriage of Candida species is seen in around 20% to 60% of the conventional populations yet infection occurs...

  • Triple protozoal enteropathy of the small intestine in an immunocompromised male: A rare histopathology report. Malik, Ajay; Kulaar, Janmeet; Shukla, Rajat; Dutta, Vibha // Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases;Jul-Dec2013, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p119 

    Enteric protozoan parasites remain the most commonly encountered parasitic diseases in HIV infected patients. Opportunistic protozoal infections that infect GIT most commonly and cause diarrhea in HIV-infected patients are cryptosporidium parvum, microsporidia and Isospora belli. Developing an...

  • Primary bilateral plasmablastic lymphoma of the testis in a human immunodeficiency virus positive man. Badyal, Rama Kumari; Kataria, Amarjit S. // Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases;Jan-Jun2015, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p86 

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related lymphomas are predominantly aggressive B-cells lymphomas. The most prevalent of the HIV-related lymphomas are diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), which includes primary central nervous system lymphoma, and Burkitt lymphoma, whereas...

  • HIV Infection Is Associated With Progression of Subclinical Carotid Atherosclerosis. Hanna, David B.; Post, Wendy S.; Deal, Jennifer A.; Hodis, Howard N.; Jacobson, Lisa P.; Mack, Wendy J.; Anastos, Kathryn; Gange, Stephen J.; Landay, Alan L.; Lazar, Jason M.; Palella, Frank J.; Tien, Phyllis C.; Witt, Mallory D.; Xiaonan Xue; Young, Mary A.; Kaplan, Robert C.; Kingsley, Lawrence A. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;8/15/2015, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p640 

    Background. Individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) live longer as a result of effective treatment, but long-term consequences of infection, treatment, and immunological dysfunction are poorly understood. Methods. We prospectively examined 1011 women (74% HIV-infected) in...

  • The effects of HIV-1 subtype and ethnicity on the rate of CD4 cell count decline in patients naive to antiretroviral therapy: a Canadian-European collaborative retrospective cohort study. Klein, Marina B.; Young, Jim; Dunn, David; Ledergerber, Bruno; Sabin, Caroline; Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro; Dabis, Francois; Harrigan, Richard; Tan, Darrell H.; Walmsley, Sharon; Gill, John; Cooper, Curtis; Scherrer, Alexandra U.; Mocroft, Amanda; Hogg, Robert S.; Smaill, Fiona // CMAJ Open;2014, Vol. 2 Issue 4, pE318 

    Background: Ethnic differences have the potential to confound associations between HIV-1 subtype and immunologic progression. We compared declines in CD4 cell counts during untreated infection for the most prevalent HIV-1 subtypes, focusing on distinguishing between the effects of viral subtype...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics