TITLE

Epidemiological associations between gambling behavior, substance use & mood and anxiety disorders

AUTHOR(S)
el-Guebaly, Nady; Patten, Scott B.; Currie, Shawn; Williams, Jeanne V. A.; Beck, Cynthia A.; Maxwell, Colleen J.; Jian Li Wang; Wang, Jian Li
PUB. DATE
September 2006
SOURCE
Journal of Gambling Studies;Fall2006, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p275
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To compare gambling behaviors in a random sample of community residents with and without mental disorders identified by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).Method: A large national community survey conducted by Statistics Canada included questions about problems arising from gambling activities as per the Canadian Problem Gambling Index (CPGI). We compared respondents within three gambling severity categories (non-problem, low severity and moderate/high severity gambling) across three diagnostic groupings (mood/anxiety disorders, substance dependence/harmful alcohol use, no selected psychiatric disorder).Results: Of the 14,934 respondents age 18-64 years who engaged in at least one type of gambling activity in the previous 12 months, 5.8% fell in the low severity gambling category while 2.9% fell in the moderate/high severity category. Females accounted for 51.7% of the sample. The risk of moderate/high severity gambling was 1.7 times higher in persons with mood or anxiety disorder compared to persons with no selected disorder. For persons with substance dependence or harmful alcohol use, the risk of moderate/high severity gambling was 2.9 times higher. Persons with both mood/anxiety and substance/alcohol disorders were five times more likely to be moderate/high severity gamblers. The odds ratio for females was 0.6 and for those with less than post-secondary education it was 1.52. Differences in age and personal income were not significant.Conclusions: Individuals in the community suffering from mood/anxiety disorders and substance dependence/harmful alcohol, and especially those with both, experience a higher risk for gambling problems. The treatment of these comorbidities should be integrated into any problem gambling treatment program.
ACCESSION #
22877444

 

Related Articles

  • Pre/early adolescent onset of gambling and psychosocial problems in treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Burge, Alesia N.; Pietrzak, Robert H.; Petry, Nancy M. // Journal of Gambling Studies;Fall2006, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p263 

    This study examined the association between pre- or early-adolescent onset of gambling and severity of gambling and psychosocial problems in treatment-seeking adult pathological gamblers. A total of 236 pathological gamblers entering outpatient treatment completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen...

  • Components of Impulsivity in Gambling Disorder. Hodgins, David; Holub, Alice // International Journal of Mental Health & Addiction;Dec2015, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p699 

    This study examined the structure of impulsivity within gambling disorder. A group of 51 men and 53 women with gambling disorder completed self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity. Principal component analyses found two factors. The first was interpreted as measuring trait impulsivity....

  • Juego patológico, depresión y trastorno de personalidad: caso clínico en una mujer joven. Capetillo-Ventura, Nelly; Jalil-Pérez, Sarith // Revista Biomedica;may-ago2014, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p92 

    Introduction. In recent years pathological gambling has become a significant societal problem, with a clear clinical impacts on the afflicted. Pathological gambling (ludopathy) is a chronic and progressive disease involving a consistent lack impulse control and an irrepressible desires to...

  • The Stakes Are High for Compulsive Gamblers.  // Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services;May2004, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p6 

    The article focuses on the growing problem on compulsive gamblers in the U.S. The statistics and demography of compulsive gamblers are provided by the National Council on Problem Gambling. Compulsive gambling is classified by the American Psychiatric Association as an impulse control disorder....

  • The other American export. Ward, Matt // Las Vegas Business Press (10712186);2/12/2007, Vol. 24 Issue 7, p16 

    The article focuses on the prevalence of problem gambling and the treatment of problem gamblers in Macau, China. Many U.S. addiction-treatment specialists are not familiar with cultural differences and attitudes of people in Asia regarding gambling. One of the major obstacles to successful...

  • Brain Impairments Increase Risk for Gamblers.  // Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services;Jun2005, Vol. 43 Issue 6, p14 

    Provides information on research regarding pathological gambling. Impairments in executive function processes associated with the prefrontal cortex of the brain; Implication of compulsive gambling for social relationships and family life.

  • Divergent validity of measures of cognitive distortions, impulsivity, and time perspective in pathological gambling. MacKillop, James; Anderson, Emily J.; Castelda, Bryan A.; Mattson, Richard E.; Donovick, Peter J. // Journal of Gambling Studies;Fall2006, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p339 

    The present study assessed the divergent validity of several self-report and objective behavioral measures for assessing pathological gambling using three samples divided by South Oaks Gambling Scale score [Lesieur, & Blume (1987). American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184-1188]: pathological...

  • Flow and dissociation: examination of mean levels, cross-links, and links to emotional well-being across sports and recreational and pathological gambling. Wanner, Brigitte; Ladouceur, Robert; Auclair, Amélie V.; Vitaro, Frank; Auclair, Amélie V // Journal of Gambling Studies;Fall2006, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p289 

    To examine whether flow (Csikszentmihalyi (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. NY: Harper & Row) and dissociation (Jacobs (1986). Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 15-31) are experienced across sports and recreational and pathological gambling, we assessed a sample of 511 college...

  • A comment on the utility of prevalence estimates of pathological gambling. Gambino, Blasé; Gambino, Blasé // Journal of Gambling Studies;Fall2006, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p321 

    The case is presented that researchers interested in policy aimed at treating the pathological gambler need to shift focus to improving the utility of prevalence estimates. It is argued that researchers supplement prevalence estimates with practical and well-defined measures of severity and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics