The new labor market: immigrants and wages after IRCA

Phillips, Julie A.; Massey, Douglas S.; Phillips, J A; Massey, D S
May 1999
Demography;May99, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p233
Academic Journal
journal article
We examine the effect of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) on migrants' wages using data gathered in 39 Mexican communities and their U.S. destination areas. We examine changes in the determinants of wages before and after the passage of IRCA, as well as the effects of its massive legalization program. Migrants' wages deteriorated steadily between 1970 and 1995, but IRCA did not foment discrimination against Mexican workers per se. Rather, it appears to have encouraged greater discrimination against undocumented migrants, with employers passing the costs and risks of unauthorized hiring on to the workers. Although available data do not permit us to eliminate competing explanations entirely, limited controls suggest that the post-IRCA wage penalty against undocumented migrants did not stem from an expansion of the immigrant labor supply, an increase in the use of labor subcontracting, or a deterioration of the U.S. labor market.


Related Articles

  • The Mirage of Mexican Guest Workers. Martin, Philip L.; Teitelbaum, Michael S. // Foreign Affairs;Nov/Dec2001, Vol. 80 Issue 6, p117 

    Discusses the controversy over the unlawful migration of millions of Mexican nationals into the United States. Potential benefits of a Mexico-U.S. guest worker program; Negotiations between Mexican President Vincent Fox and U.S. President George W. Bush; Precedent of the so-called 'bracero'...

  • Alienation. Jefferson, Jon // ABA Journal;Sep93, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p54 

    Discusses various aspects concerning the influx of illegal aliens in the United States. Application of the immigration laws; Factors affecting illegal immigration; Risks of illegal aliens of being exploited by employers; Legal status of the immigrants; Efforts of various organizations in...

  • Let's Reform Immigration and Strengthen America. Jindal, Bobby // India -- West;12/17/2010, Vol. 36 Issue 4, pA8 

    In this article the author discusses aspects on the severity of immigration problems in the U.S. He is critical on the major developments in immigration policies and practices in conjunction with the country's economic interests. He also speculates on the case of Sanjay Mavinkurve, an Indian who...

  • Amnesty Bill Opens the Border. Edwards Jr., James R. // Human Events;8/22/2005, Vol. 61 Issue 28, p17 

    Reports on the role of the Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act in the legalization of the employment of foreign workers in the U.S. Provisions of the legislation to illegal aliens; Requirements of the legislation for employers in recruiting foreign workers; Overview of the legislation.

  • Undocumented Among Us. Dutt, Ela // News India Times;12/5/2014, Vol. 45 Issue 49, p4 

    The article focuses on the Executive Order by U.S. President Barack Obama which aims to legalize undocumented immigrants in the country. A study conducted by the Pew Research Center is highlighted which revealed that 450,000 Indians are undocumented in the U.S. Issues addressed by President...

  • Immigration Act of 1921.  // Immigration Act of 1921;8/1/2017, p1 

    Presents the text of the United States' Immigration Act of 1921. Definition of terms; Restriction of the number of immigrants admitted into the United States; Determination of nationality; Regulation for the treatment of immigrants beyond the numbers allowed; Other stipulations.

  • Immigration Quota Act of 1924.  // Immigration Quota Act of 1924;8/1/2017, p1 

    Presents the text of the United States' Immigration Quota Act of 1924. Adjustments made to immigration quotas established in the act of 1921 and the Emergency Quota Act; Other stipulations.

  • Breaking the Law Makes You Legal. O'Meara, Kelly Patricia // Insight on the News;11/29/99, Vol. 15 Issue 44, p22 

    Reports on the immigration policy of the United States that rewards illegal aliens. Details on basic immigration laws; Categories for family preferences; Provisions contained on the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996.

  • INS detentions: No crime needed. Wirpsa, Leslie // National Catholic Reporter;07/17/98, Vol. 34 Issue 34, p3 

    Focuses on the effect of the 1996 United States' immigration laws on deportations. Increase in deportations in 1997; Costs of keeping illegal immigrants in jail; Problem of overcrowding in Immigration and Naturalization Service centers.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics