Parenting as a moderator of minority, adolescent victimization and violent behavior in high-risk neighborhoods

Walker, Sarah Cusworth; Maxson, Cheryl; Newcomb, Michael N.
June 2007
Violence & Victims;Jun2007, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p304
Academic Journal
journal article
Adolescent male youth in high-crime neighborhoods are at the greatest risk for personal victimization and violent behavior. The temporal relationship between victimization and violent behavior for minority youth in high-crime neighborhoods was examined to determine whether victimization is a risk factor for or by-product of violent behavior. Whether parenting and other control factors moderated the relationship between victimization and violent behavior was also examined. Interviews with 349 urban Hispanic and African American youth revealed that victimization was strongly associated with violent behavior and violent behavior was found to precede direct victimization. Race was found to moderate the relationship between parental attachment and violent behavior. African American youth with the highest levels of parental attachment also had the highest levels of violent behavior, while higher parental attachment for Latino youth was associated with lower violent behavior.


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