TITLE

The emerging AIDS crisis in Russia: review of enabling factors and prevention needs

AUTHOR(S)
Kalichman, Seth C.; Kelly, Jeffrey A.; Sikkema, Kathleen J.; Koslov, Andrei P.; Shaboltas, Alla; Granskaya, Juliana; Kalichman, S C; Kelly, J A; Sikkema, K J; Koslov, A P; Shaboltas, A; Granskaya, J
PUB. DATE
February 2000
SOURCE
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Feb2000, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p71
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Eastern Europe is experiencing increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and the Russian Federation is among the countries with the most alarming case rate increases. Behavioural and biological studies demonstrate that the transmission of HIV in Russia is occurring as a result of injection drug use, homosexual, and heterosexual risk behaviours. Factors that promote risk and therefore enable HIV transmission in Russia parallel those found in other countries, including epidemics of other sexually transmitted infections, economic instability, poverty, and social factors such as gender roles. Research is urgently needed to better understand and forecast the HIV epidemic in Russia, as well as to develop effective interventions to prevent a Russian AIDS crisis.
ACCESSION #
31898770

 

Related Articles

  • HIV-1 infection among intravenous drug users in Manhattan, New York City, from 1977 through 1987. Des Jarlais, Don C.; Friedman, Samuel R.; Novick, David M.; Sotheran, Jo L.; Thomas, Pauline; Yancovitz, Stanley R.; Mildvan, Donna; Weber, John; Kreek, Mary Jeanne; Maslansky, Robert; Bartelme, Sarah; Spira, Thomas; Marmor, Michael; Des Jarlais, D C; Friedman, S R; Novick, D M; Sotheran, J L; Thomas, P; Yancovitz, S R; Mildvan, D // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/17/89, Vol. 261 Issue 7, p1008 

    Intravenous drug users are the second largest group to develop the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and they are the primary source for heterosexual and perinatal transmission in the United States and Europe. Understanding long-term trends in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus among...

  • Risk perception and counselling among HIV-positive women in São Paulo, Brazil. Ventura-Filipe, E. M.; Bugamelli, L. E.; Leme, B.; Santos, N. J. S.; Garcia, S.; Paiva, V.; Hearst, N.; Santos, N J // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Feb2000, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p112 

    This study of HIV-positive women at a clinic for HIV/AIDS in São Paulo examined their risk perception for HIV before they had learned of their diagnosis and their experiences with pre- and post-test counselling. A sample of 148 women was interviewed regarding demographics, HIV risk factors...

  • HIV, STDs, anal sex and AIDS prevention policy in a northeastern Brazilian city. Halperin, Daniel; Halperin, D // International Journal of STD & AIDS;May1998, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p294 

    Data on HIV/AIDS, other STDs, and related sexual practices and AIDS prevention measures in São Luís, capital of Maranhão state, were collected in May-July 1995 using participant-observation fieldwork, including a number of face-to-face interviews in addition to archival research, and...

  • Effects of drug abuse and mental disorders on use and type of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected persons. Turner, Barbara J.; Fleishman, John A.; Wenger, Neil; London, Andrew S.; Burnam, M. Audrey; Shapiro, Martin F.; Bing, Eric G.; Stein, Michael D.; Longshore, Douglas; Bozzette, Samuel A.; Turner, B J; Fleishman, J A; Wenger, N; London, A S; Burnam, M A; Shapiro, M F; Bing, E G; Stein, M D; Longshore, D; Bozzette, S A // JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine;Sep2001, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p625 

    Objective: To distinguish the effects of drug abuse, mental disorders, and problem drinking on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and highly active ART (HAART) use.Design: Prospective population-based probability sample of 2,267 (representing 213,308) HIV-infected persons in...

  • HBV and HIV screening, and hepatitis B immunization programme in the prison of Marseille, France. Rotily, M.; Vernay-Vaisse, C.; Bourlière, M.; Galinier-Pujol, A.; Rousseau, S.; Obadia, Y.; Bourlière, M // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec1997, Vol. 8 Issue 12, p753 

    This study estimated the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serological markers among inmates and evaluated inmates' compliance with an HBV immunization programme. During the mandatory consultation at the sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic of the...

  • The HIV prevention needs of injection drug users in Estonia. Wilson, Tracey E.; Sharma, Anjali; Zilmer, Kai; Kalikova, Nelli; Uusküla, Anneli // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2007, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p389 

    To assess the relationships between HIV transmission risk behaviours, HIV serostatus and knowledge of HIV serostatus among active injection drug users (IDUs) residing in Tallinn, Estonia, we conducted HIV testing and administered a standardized interview to 266 participants reporting recent...

  • HIV-1-Related and Nonrelated Diseases Among IV Drug Users and Sexual Partners. Trapido, Edward J.; Lewis, Nancy; Comerford, Mary // Journal of Drug Issues;Spring90, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p245 

    As part of a project to reduce risk of HIV-1 infection/transmission among IV drug users (IVDUs) and sexual partners (SPs) of IVDUs, individuals not currently in drug treatment were recruited, tested for HIV-1, and interviewed about risk factors for AIDS and history of various health conditions....

  • Persistent Bacillus cereus Bacteremia in 3 Persons Who Inject Drugs, San Diego, California, USA. Schaefer, Gabrielle; Campbell, Wesley; Jenks, Jeffrey; Beesley, Cari; Katsivas, Theodoros; Hoffmaster, Alex; Mehta, Sanjay R.; Reed, Sharon // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Sep2016, Vol. 22 Issue 9, p1621 

    Bacillus cereus is typically considered a blood culture contaminant; however, its presence in blood cultures can indicate true bacteremia. We report 4 episodes of B. cereus bacteremia in 3 persons who inject drugs. Multilocus sequence typing showed that the temporally associated infections were...

  • Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection and the Proinflammatory Effects of Injection Drug Use. Markowitz, Martin; Deren, Sherry; Cleland, Charles; La Mar, Melissa; Silva, Evelyn; Batista, Pedro; St. Bernard, Leslie; Gettie, Natanya; Rodriguez, Kristina; Evering, Teresa H.; Haekyung Lee; Mehandru, Saurabh; Lee, Haekyung // Journal of Infectious Diseases;11/1/2016, Vol. 214 Issue 9, p1376 

    Background:  Chronic inflammation, as defined by persistent immune activation, is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. People who inject drugs (PWID) have evidence of persistent immune activation. Here, in a cohort of PWID with or without hepatitis C virus (HCV)...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics