January 2001
Encyclopedia of Operations Research & Management Science;2001, p635
Reference Entry
An encyclopedia entry for prisoner's dilemma game is presented. It refers to a two-person game where neither player knows the other's decision until both are made. The game illustrates many social and business contracts and is important for understanding group behavior, particularly cheating and cooperation.


Related Articles

  • On uniquely implementing cooperation in the prisoners' dilemma. Chakravorti, Bhaskar; Conley, John; Taub, Bart // Economic Theory;1996, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p347 

    We consider the problem of a principle who wishes to induce two agents playing a one shot prisoner's dilemma to behave cooperatively. We assume that the principal cannot observe the actions of the agents, and is not able to change the strategy sets or payoff functions in the underlying game. The...

  • How Robust is Laboratory Gift Exchange? Charness, Gary; Frechette, Guillaume R.; Kagel, John H. // Experimental Economics;Jun2004, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p189 

    The gift-exchange game is a form of sequential prisoner's dilemma, developed by Fehr et al. (1993), and popularized in a series of papers by Ernst Fehr and co-authors. While the European studies typically feature a high degree of gift exchange, the few U.S. studies provide some conflicting...

  • ADAM SMITH AND THE PRISONERS' DILEMMA. Tullock, Gordon // Quarterly Journal of Economics;1985 Supplement, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p1073 

    This article comments on the insight of Adam Smith regarding a modern game theory called the prisoners' dilemma. The difference between a prisoners' dilemma game and an ordinary competitive market was discussed. According to the author, it will be observed that Smith was right, and there are...

  • Case-Based Reasoning, Social Dilemmas, and a New Equilibrium Concept. Izquierdo, Luis R.; Gotts, Nicholas M.; Polhill, J. Gary // Journal of Artificial Societies & Social Simulation;Jun2004, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    Life is full of social dilemmas. When confronted with a social dilemma, one has the temptation to behave selfishly at the expense of the others, but such non-cooperative behaviour leads to outcomes that are undesirable for all if undertaken by enough people. Social dilemmas have been studied...

  • From Classroom Experiments to Computer Code. Forno, Arianna Dal; Merlone, Ugo // Journal of Artificial Societies & Social Simulation;Jun2004, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    The use of multi-agent based models to study individual behavior in social interactions is a powerful approach for shedding light on different features of complex entities such as organizations and markets. Most especially, it is an approach through which some aspects of human behavior usually...

  • Are people who cooperate 'rational altruists'? Van De Kragt, Alphons J. C.; Dawes, Robyn M.; Orbell, John M. // Public Choice;Mar1988, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p233 

    In experimental games, as in natural situations, people are often observed acting to the benefit of others even at considerable cost to themselves. Such behavior is contrary to the assumption of selfish behavior, but it is not necessarily contrary to the assumption of rationality: People...

  • How Contemporary Stays the Prisoner's Dilemma in Economics? NICOLAE, Adriana; SĂVOIU, Gheorghe // Romanian Statistical Review;2012, Issue Sup, p23 

    This paper describes the prisoner dilemma and applied it three times during three examples in the contemporary economics on frequent or usual situations. After a short introduction, the first part of the article is an attempt to detailed the prisoner dilemma, which still has an important...

  • Temptation to Defect May Promote Cooperation in Prisoner's Dilemma Game. Qiuhui Pan; Jialin Jia; Kun Jiang; Mingfeng He // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Issue 602-605, p3783 

    In this paper, basing on the prisoner's dilemma model proposed by M.A. Nowak, we present a model to research the action of temptation to defect in prison's dilemma model. Firstly, we determine whether a player changes its strategy depends on a Fermi equation which is related to the payoffs of...

  • The Effect of Power Asymmetries on Cooperation and Punishment in a Prisoner’s Dilemma Game. Bone, Jonathan E.; Wallace, Brian; Bshary, Redouan; Raihani, Nichola J. // PLoS ONE;Jan2015, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1 

    Recent work has suggested that punishment is detrimental because punishment provokes retaliation, not cooperation, resulting in lower overall payoffs. These findings may stem from the unrealistic assumption that all players are equal: in reality individuals are expected to vary in the power with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics