January 2004
Encyclopedic Reference of Molecular Pharmacology;2004, p460
Reference Entry
A definition of the term "HIV" is presented. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV is a retrovirus, whose replication includes the transcription of the singlestranded RNA genome into double stranded DNA (reverse transcription) and the covalent insertion of the DNA copy of the viral cDNA into the genome of the host cell (integration).


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