January 2008
World Almanac & Book of Facts;2008, p817
Reference Entry
An almanac entry for the republic of Peru is presented. Lima, Peru was the seat of Spanish viceroys until the Argentine liberator, Jos� de San Martin, captured it in 1821. In the 19th century, the country was governed by military leaders. Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980 but was plagued by economic problems and by leftist Shining Path guerrillas. Elected president in June 1990, Alberto Fujimori, dissolved the National Congress, suspended parts of the constitution, and initiated press censorship. He also won reelection April 9, 1995.


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