November 2004
Europe: A Concise Encyclopedia;2004, p126
Reference Entry
The article presents information about the term "Hard Core." It refers to any group of European Union (EU) Member States that is prepared to push ahead with integration, leaving others to be excluded or to catch up later. It also refers to Germany, France and the Benelux countries, which in 1999 formed a de facto hard currency bloc based on the DMark.


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