cultural absolutism Psychology

January 2002
Dictionary of Theories;2002, p130
Reference Entry
Information on the term cultural absolutism is presented, as it is used in psychology. It is a general term referring to the opinion that values, concepts and achievements of diverse cultures may be understood and judged according to a universal standard. In the context of psychology holds that a theory developed in one culture has equal validity in a different cultural setting.


Related Articles

  • expectancy theory Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p189 

    A definition of expectancy theory, is presented. The theory was proposed by U.S. psychologist Edward Chase Tolman. It assumes that the occurrence of a future or expected event is always dependent on an organism choosing and executing the correct behaviour.

  • specificity theory Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p498 

    A definition of specificity theory, is presented. It is not attributable to any one person, and is a generic term denoting any psychological theory holding that specific constellations of factors produce specific psychosomatic disorders. Specificity theories fall into four general groups, namely...

  • core values.  // Bloomsbury Business Library - Business & Management Dictionary;2007, p1938 

    A definition of the term core values is presented. It refers to the guiding principles of an organization, espoused by senior management, and accepted by employees, often reflected in the mission statement of the organization. Core values often influence the culture of an organization.

  • equity theory Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p181 

    A definition of equity theory, is presented. Within psychology, this is a social theory which states that people try to create fairness in groups by rewarding individuals in proportion to the amount they contribute to the group as a whole. It was proposed by U.S. psychologists, Harold H. Kelley...

  • escape learning Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p183 

    A definition of the term escape learning, is presented. It refers to a learning whereby an organism learns to escape a harmful stimulus by using a response referred to as an instrumental or operant response. The theory was advanced by U.S. psychologist Orval Hobart Mowrer.

  • Premack principle Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p428 

    A definition of the term "Premack principle" is presented. It is a term in psychology defined by American psychologist David Premack. It is stated that if two behaviours differ in their probability of occurrence, the engagement in the more probable will serve to reinforce engagement in the less...

  • spot theory Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p500 

    A definition of spot theory, is presented. The theory was proposed by German physiologist Max von Frey. It states that the skin is tested spot by spot to determine whether different spots respond to different stimuli and thereby yield different sensory qualities.

  • stage theory Psychology.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p501 

    A definition of stage theory, is presented. The theory was associated with the work of U.S. psychologist Arnold Lucius Gesell. The term describes any developmental theory which characterizes growth as a progression through a succession of stages.

  • superego.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p2239 

    A definition of the term "superego," which refers to the part of the personality linked with ethics, self-criticism and moral standard of the community in terms of Freudian psychoanalytical theory, is presented.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics